Literature in cuba

Cuba's high literacy rates and the rapid rollout of the campaign that resulted in most residents learning to read and write has been a model for many other countries — even as Cubans continue to experience harsh censorship.. Why it matters: Cuba has a long and rich literary history, but the 1961 campaign that helped get the island to a 99% to 100% literacy rate left an important legacy that ...

Literature in cuba. Music in Cuba is best described as a marriage between the Spanish guitar and the African drums. Various Latin music and dance styles such as ‘Son’, which eventually gave birth to Salsa, Timba, Latin Jazz, Bolero, Guaguanco, Cha Cha Cha, Mambo and several others have originated from this tiny island. Salsa is one of the most popular Cuban ...

Airline links to Cuba. There are several major US airports that offer direct services to Havana. These include New York JFK and Newark Liberty, as well as Houston Intercontinental, Tampa, Fort Lauderdale, and Miami. Airlines like American, JetBlue, Southwest, and United are responsible for such services. The pandemic severed a …

Census. The population of Cuba was 11,167,325 inhabitants in 2012. The largest urban populations of Cubans in Cuba (2012) are to be found in Havana (2,106,146), Santiago de Cuba (506,037), Holguín (346,195), …What links here; Related changes; Upload file; Special pages; Permanent link; Page informationASYNCHRONOUS ASSIGNMENT (Deadline: 9/19 before the class) Instructions: 1. Read pages 87-129 of Margarita Engle's novel in verse The Poet Slave of Cuba.. 2. Group B (Montes to Torres): In the comment section down below, answer ONE of the following prompts Group A (Avila to Martinez): Respectfully interact with ONE of your classmates' responses.Do you agree with their arguments and ...Twentieth-Century Cuban Historiography. Hispanic American Historical Review (1964) 44 (1): 44–73. The historians of Cuba have produced a body of literature which is indeed worthy of respect, and which merits considerably more serious attention than it has generally received. Scholars in the United States have been especially remiss in this ...Cuba's History of Music & Art. A yearning for liberation has been the strongest theme in Cuban art and literature for hundreds of years. Ever since the Spanish colonized Cuba in the 16th century, art has been used both as a tool to promote propaganda and rebel against regimes. Overwhelming oppression has created a culture where great artistic ... and culture in 'Planet/Cuba'. By Jamie Saxon, Office of Communications on May 5, 2016, 10:30 a.m. Rachel Price, an associate professor of Spanish and Portuguese at Princeton University, focuses on Latin American, Caribbean and particularly Cuban literature and culture. Photo by Noel Valero for the Office of Communications.

number of fundamental questions about Cuban-American literature, such as how is one to conceive the "Cubanness" of an entire body of works created outside Cuba, and what, if any, is the relationship between these works and those of other U.S. Hispanic ethnic writers. These related but distinct questions have fueled frequent debates over theThe Cuba economy is still not improving and is being currently affected by COVID restrictions. Further, because of Covid-19 based travel restriction, the inflow of tourists has fallen and the Cigars which were sold to European, Canadian tourists has been in decline [ CITATION Wik15 \l 1033 ]. The sales of premium cigars have been on a slow growth rate of 3.6 % in the global market with growth ...the literature on Cuba reflects the Rev olution's enduring sign ificance, its challenge . to several orthodo xies, and the strengt h of a Cuban diaspo ra that has ensured a.The Mariel boatlift (Spanish: éxodo del Mariel) was a mass emigration of Cubans who traveled from Cuba's Mariel Harbor to the United States between April 15 and October 31, 1980. The term "Marielito" (plural "Marielitos") is used to refer to these refugees in both Spanish and English.While the exodus was triggered by a sharp downturn in the Cuban …As Kumaraswami and Kapcia demonstrate in Literary Culture in Cuba, this context required Cuban writers to produce work that was appealing to market forces and …Margaret Randall (b. 1936, New York) is a poet, essayist, oral historian, translator, photographer, and social activist.Time's Language: Selected Poems 1959-2018 recently appeared from Wings Press. Randall lived in Latin America for twenty-three years (Mexico, Cuba, Nicaragua). She received the 2017 Medalla al Mérito Literario from Literatura en el Bravo (Ciudad Juárez, Mexico).of Afro-Cubans known as "los Congos de Cuba," descendants of the Africans who were brought to the Caribbean island of Cuba during the trans-Atlantic Ocean African slave trade from the ... three young students of literature from various parts of the African Diaspora, met in Paris, France, and decided to launch the political, philosophical ...

postcolonialism, the historical period or state of affairs representing the aftermath of Western colonialism; the term can also be used to describe the concurrent project to reclaim and rethink the history and agency of people subordinated under various forms of imperialism. Postcolonialism signals a possible future of overcoming colonialism ...José Martí, in full José Julián Martí y Pérez, (born January 28, 1853, Havana, Cuba—died May 19, 1895, Dos Ríos), Cuban poet and essayist, patriot and martyr, who became the symbol of Cuba's struggle for independence from Spain.His dedication to the goal of Cuban freedom made his name a synonym for liberty throughout Latin America.As a patriot, Martí organized and unified the ...Internet Literature in China. Since the 1990s, Chinese literary enthusiasts have explored new spaces for creative expression online, giving rise to a modern genre that has transformed Chinese culture and society. Ranging from the self-consciously avant-garde to the pornographic, web-based writing has introduced innovative forms, themes, and ...December 8 is CARICOM-Cuba Day and, to celebrate, we're discussing Cuban literature! Please use this thread to discuss your favorite Cuban literature and authors. If you'd like to read our previous discussions of the literature of the world please visit the literature of the world section of our wiki. Gracias and enjoy!Cuba and the Philippines in World-System Analysis / 683 of Wallerstein (8, 9) and Frank (10), among others, develop it, the capitalist world-system consists of core capitalist nations exploiting semiperipheral and peripheral ... system literature as it examines class struggle, intranational^ and internationally, as a key motor ...

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Won the 1917 Nobel Prize in Literature (shared with Henrik Pontoppidan). George Bernard Shaw: July 26, 1856 Dublin, Ireland November 2, 1950 Ayot St Lawrence, England ... Havana, Cuba January 11, 1944 Havana, Cuba 1931 Francis Jammes: December 2, 1868 Tournay, France November 1, 1938 Hasparren, France 1931 Ole Edvart Rølvaag:Cuba offers affordable and effective treatments for a wide range of health issues. We will arrange a medical consultation with a specialist to meet your needs. Speak to our medical tourism specialists before you make a decision. Find out more about the treatment programs available. Obtain a complimentary consultation with the Cuban medical team.December 5, 2013. On a fall afternoon in 1983, I interviewed the exiled Cuban author Reinaldo Arenas at Princeton University’s Firestone Library. I was writing my senior thesis on his work and ...Leonardo Padura was born in 1955 in Havana and lives in Cuba. He has published a number of short-story collections and literary essays but international fame came with the Havana Quartet, all ...

Claude McKay (1889-1948) A seminal figure in the Harlem Renaissance, Claude McKay was a Jamaican-American writer who would become hugely influential with his politically charged celebration of African American and Afro Caribbean culture. He was born in 1889 in Clarendon, Jamaica and revealed his poetic abilities early, writing his first poems ...The Guantanamo Bay detention camp (Spanish: Centro de detención de la bahía de Guantánamo) is a United States military prison within the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base, also referred to as Gitmo (/ ˈ ɡ ɪ t m oʊ /), on the coast of Guantánamo Bay in Cuba.As of March 2022, of the 780 people detained there since January 2002 when the military prison first opened after the September 11 attacks ...Freedom from Liberation: Slavery, Sentiment, and Literature in Cuba, written by Gerard AchingFiesta of the Red and Blue. In early November each year, the town of Majagua in Ciego de Ávila comes alive with a celebration of peasant culture. Revelers dance, eat traditional food and take part in regional ceremonies. The town is split into red and blue sides, which inhabitants are free to choose, which then face off in dance battles.Dance styles Danzón. Danzón is the official musical genre and dance of Cuba. It is also an active musical form in Mexico and is still beloved in Puerto Rico.The danzón evolved from the Cuban contradanza (also known as the habanera).In Cuba, these dances were influenced by African rhythmic and dance styles and so became a genuine fusion of European and African influences.DOI: 10.1080/13569325.2019.1654441 Corpus ID: 213526118; The Politics of Citing: José Martí, Oscar Wilde, and the Renaissance of Author Photography @article{Guerrero2019ThePO, title={The Politics of Citing: Jos{\'e} Mart{\'i}, Oscar Wilde, and the Renaissance of Author Photography}, author={Javier Gil Guerrero}, …Zunzuncito: A Tale of Cuba's Bee Hummingbird. View on Amazon. SCORE. 10.0. AI Score. AI Score is a ranking system developed by our team of experts. It from 0 to 10 are automatically scored by our tool based upon the data collected (at the time of writing, more than 4,000 books and 3,000 authors).Arguably one of the richest traditions in exile literature is that of Cuban Americans. Given the strong economic and cultural ties between the two countries before Castro's revolution in 1959, it was hardly surprising that so many Cubans who fled the Communist takeover made the perilous boat journey to the US.In this context of liberalization and privatization, Cuba is charting a path that many countries have already transitioned to over the past 25 years. However, Cuba has a potential late-mover advantage as it transitions to a market economy. In addition to a rich theoretical literatureFor the first time in over six decades, no one with the Castro surname will be at the helm of Cuba's government. But there are still a few Castro family members in positions of influence. Raúl ...4. Literature And Arts . Cuba started to develop its own literary style in the first half of the 19th century. During this time, slavery, racial mixing, colonialism, etc., were the major focus of the country’s literature. Cirilo Villaverde who wrote the Cecilia Valdés, a landmark novel, is one of the most famous Cuban writers of this period.

and culture in 'Planet/Cuba'. By Jamie Saxon, Office of Communications on May 5, 2016, 10:30 a.m. Rachel Price, an associate professor of Spanish and Portuguese at Princeton University, focuses on Latin American, Caribbean and particularly Cuban literature and culture. Photo by Noel Valero for the Office of Communications.

Article 4. The defense of our socialist homeland is the greatest honor and the supreme duty of every Cuban. Treason is the most serious of crimes, whoever should commit treason will be subject to the most severe sanctions. The socialist system that this Constitution supports is irrevocable.In Cuba, poetry is in the air one breathes. It is in the music, in the humor, in the political debates, in the desire to be fully in the present and in the recognition that history is implacable. There is a poetry within, written by the islanders, and a poetry without, delivered by those in the island-outside-the-island.Music in Cuba is best described as a marriage between the Spanish guitar and the African drums. Various Latin music and dance styles such as ‘Son’, which eventually gave birth to Salsa, Timba, Latin Jazz, Bolero, Guaguanco, Cha Cha Cha, Mambo and several others have originated from this tiny island. Salsa is one of the most popular Cuban ...Giorgio Parisi, from left, Klaus Hasselmann, and Syukuro Manabe won the 2021 Nobel Prize in Physics on Tuesday. Domenico Stinellis/Associated Press; Jonas Walzberg/EPA, via Shutterstock; Seth ...The slave trade with the West African coast exploded, and it is estimated that almost 400,000 Africans were brought to Cuba during the years 1835-1864. (That's roughly 1150 per month for 29 years!) As early as 1532, the blacks formed 62.5 percent of the population. In 1841, African slaves made up over 40% of the total population.José Martí, in full José Julián Martí y Pérez, (born January 28, 1853, Havana, Cuba—died May 19, 1895, Dos Ríos), Cuban poet and essayist, patriot and martyr, who became the symbol of Cuba's struggle for independence from Spain.His dedication to the goal of Cuban freedom made his name a synonym for liberty throughout Latin America.As a patriot, Martí organized and unified the ...Cuba: A Traveler's Literary Companion (2002) -- balanced in that it covers some writers in Cuba, émigrés, and foreign-born Cuban-Americans, and maybe best as an introduction. The Voice of the Turtle: An Anthology of Cuban Stories (1997) -- like Cubanísimo!, it's balanced, goes further back in time and is very worthwhile for further exploration.March 2, 2016. Recently, Tillman Miller went to the 25th Havana International Book Fair to investigate Cuba’s moment in contemporary literature. What followed was an oral history of Cuban literature, one …

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The 2010 novel 90 Miles to Havana by Cuban-American author Enrique Flores-Galbis is the coming-of-age tale of Julian, a young Cuban boy who, along with his two older brothers, travels to Miami as part of Operation Pedro Pan in the 1960s. The operation was a covert mission between Cuban and American authorities, with the help of the children’s ... Amazon.com: The Social Life of Literature in Revolutionary Cuba: Narrative, Identity, and Well-being: 9781349720286: Kumaraswami, Par: BooksNew Spain, officially the Viceroyalty of New Spain (Spanish: Virreinato de Nueva España, Spanish pronunciation: [birejˈnato ðe ˈnweβa esˈpaɲa] ⓘ), or Kingdom of New Spain, was an integral territorial entity of the Spanish Empire, established by Habsburg Spain during the Spanish conquest of the Americas and having its capital in Mexico City.Its jurisdiction comprised a …Cuban literature is the literature written in Cuba or outside the island by Cubans in Spanish language. It began to find its voice in the early 19th century. The major works published in Cuba during that time were of an abolitionist character. Notable writers of this genre include Gertrudis Gomez de Avellaneda and Cirilo Villaverde.Request PDF | Caribbean literature in Spanish | The literatures of the three hispanophone islands of the Caribbean, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, and Puerto Rico, are the oldest in the region ...cuba and the united states: intervention and militarism, 1868-1933. By HernándezJosé M. (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1993. Pp. 266. $37.50 cloth.) THE SANTIAGO CAMPAIGN OF 1898: A SOLDIER'S VIEW OF THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR.Like most people born in the United States in the latter half of the 20th century, I never had a chance to visit Cuba before Dwight D. Eisenhower suspended all diplomatic relations with the country in 1961.. During the 53-year U.S. embargo against Cuba, most of us developed our interest in Cuban culture by consuming popular culture: reruns of I Love Lucy, films such as The Godfather: Part II ...The Boom, the Literary, and Cultural Critique. This essay is an effort to consider the Boom of Latin American literature in the 1960s and 1970s within the context of Ángel Rama's critical writing, especially his essays on the development of twentieth-century narrative (first part) and his Transculturación narrativa en América Latina ... ….

Cuban Artists, Painters and Paintings. The history of Cuban art stretches from the Spanish colonial period, which began in the early 16th century, through independence of the island nation in 1902 ...Editor's Note: On October 6, Annie Ernaux was announced as the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Literature. Updated at 8:50 AM ET on October 6, 2022.By: Keith Polette. Illustrated by: Elizabeth O. Dulemba. Age Level: 3-6. Product description: The Southwestern desert is the setting for this humorous variation on the classic fairy tale "Jack and the Beanstalk." This bilingual book is presented as embedded text with the story told mostly in English and a sprinkling of Spanish throughout.Pop Art Comes to Cuba. Raúl Martínez was born in the central Cuban city of Ciego de Ávila in 1927. Before the Revolution, he had the opportunity to work and exhibit his early paintings in Europe and the United States, the latter of which would leave a lasting impact on his stylistic development as an artist. Nonetheless, any American ...Cuba - Political System, Elections, Constitution: Suffrage is universal for Cubans age 16 years and older, excluding citizens who have applied for emigration. Voting in elections in Cuba is legally mandatory, as it is throughout Latin America, and voter participation is invariably high. The government usually admits to a small proportion of spoiled ballots.In addition, the author ened the slave system, and introduced new forms of slavery in Cuba.2 describes the "railroad Although the railroad prompted radical transformations in the sugar fever" in the U.S. during the industry in Cuba and the urban colony's setting, the introduction of the last part of the nineteenth steam engine and its ...Cuban Artists, Painters and Paintings. The history of Cuban art stretches from the Spanish colonial period, which began in the early 16th century, through independence of the island nation in 1902 ...Abstract. This essay is an effort to consider the Boom of Latin American literature in the 1960s and 1970s within the context of Ángel Rama’s critical writing, especially his essays on the development of twentieth-century narrative (first part) and his Transculturación narrativa en América Latina (second part), which their author saw as critical attempts to deal with the discursive ... The University of Florida Press has approved the book project, Cuba and Puerto Rico: Transdisciplinary Approaches to History, Literature, and Culture.The volume will be edited by Drs. Carmen Haydée Rivera, Professor of English at the University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras, and Jorge Duany, Director of FIU's Cuban Research Institute.The Cuban Revolution was driven by the need for equality, particularly among these classes. Before the campaign, the rate of illiteracy among city dwellers was 11% compared to 41.7% in the countryside. [6] The Literacy Campaign was designed to force contact between sectors of society that would not usually interact. Literature in cuba, Cuban Missile Crisis. At the height of the Cold War, for two weeks in October 1962, the world teetered on the edge of thermonuclear war. Earlier that fall, the Soviet Union, under orders from Premier Nikita Khrushchev, began to secretly deploy a nuclear strike force in Cuba, just 90 miles from the United States., Historical Context of Refugee. Gratz’s book is deeply rooted in three periods of crisis: Nazi Germany just before World War II, the fallout of the Cold War in Cuba, and the Syrian Civil War following the Arab Spring. The MS St. Louis, on which Josef is a passenger in the novel, was a real ship that set sail from Nazi Germany to Cuba in 1939., "Transculturation and Literature" published on by null. General Overviews. The concept of "transculturation" appears for the first time in Ortiz 1995 (originally published in 1940), as a contribution to the study of Cuba and to the general field of Social Sciences. It can be read as an epistemological stand advancing the understanding of Latin America through Latin-American theoretical tools., Terpil made it to Cuba, so the story went, via the Cuban embassy in Beirut, where he asked for asylum in 1982, as the Israelis invaded Lebanon. Once in Cuba, he lived under the pseudonym Robert ..., Smith proposes that my article about criticism and literature in Cuba should be updated because its publication in Cuba: Twenty-Five Years of Revolution, 1959-1984, four years after its initial appearance, could create a false impression, given the changes that have occurred in the island during the four-year gap and more recently. Smith ..., Alfredo Gangotena – poet who wrote in French and Spanish. Alfredo Pareja Diezcanseco (1908–1993), novelist, essayist, journalist, historian. Alicia Yánez Cossío (born 1928), poet, novelist and journalist. Ángel Felicísimo Rojas (1909–2003), novelist, and poet. Arturo Borja (1892–1912), poet. Aurelio Espinosa Pólit (1894–1961 ..., Here's an offbeat web site: Literature Map. Like "What Should I Read Next", Literature Map shows how authors you like relate to authors whom you might want to read. The way it goes about this is completely different. It provides a visual ma..., Cuba (/ ˈ k juː b ə / ⓘ KEW-bə, Spanish: ⓘ; Lucumi: Erekusú), officially the Republic of Cuba (Spanish: República de Cuba [reˈpuβlika ðe ˈkuβa] ⓘ), is an island country comprising the island of Cuba, as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos, 4,195 islands and cays surrounding the main island belong to the country. Cuba is located where the northern ..., He has lived and written in Cuba for a half century and, in 2010, was awarded Cuba’s National Prize for Literature. 11 One of the direct effects of the Special Period was widespread hunger, with the caloric intake for most Cubans dipping below 1900 calories a day, and its attendant medical complications, including an outbreak of neuropathy., While the majority of Latin American nations embrace soccer as the national game and pastime, in Cuba things are different. The country is not known for its soccer programs internationally. Instead, baseball is the most popular team sport along with volleyball, wrestling, basketball, sailing, boxing, and trekking. [1], 6 For a historical perspective on the road conditions, consult José Antonio Saco's Memorias.For a literary approach, consult Buenaventura Pascual Ferrer's works on El Regañón de La Habana.Moreno Fraginals explains how, since 1795, the sacarocracia devoted multiple treatises to advocating for road construction and improvement. Zanetti also devotes a chapter to transportation on the ..., He also did the English Translation for Luise Grave de Peralta Morel’s The Mafia of Havana: The Cuban Cosa Nostra (2002). Luis Senarens. 1865–1939. The most popular American science fiction writer of the late 19th century, widely known as "the American Jules Verne." Alex Abella. 1950–. Mystery/crime novelist, non-fiction writer, and ..., Filed under: Homosexuality and literature -- Cuba -- History -- 20th century. Queering Cold War Poetry: Ethics of Vulnerability in Cuba and the United States (Columbus, OH: Ohio State University Press, c2009), by Eric Keenaghan (PDF at Ohio State) Items below (if any) are from related and broader terms., Compelled by the situation in Cuba, since then-Presidents Barack Obama and Raúl Castro announced their mutual intentions to reactivate the relationship between the United States and Cuba, faculty from the Department of Literatures, Cultures & Languages created a Cuban Studies Group. The group utilizes its expertise in the service of the UConn ... , Aug 31, 2016 · Most of the American fugitives in Cuba are radicals of Shakur’s era. Charlie Hill, who is in his mid-sixties, was a member of a militant group called the Republic of New Afrika, which sought to ... , An Ode to Cuban Arts and Literature. Culture Day in Cuba is not just a celebration of the past, but also a recognition of the vibrant arts and literature scene that exists in the country today ..., An Ode to Cuban Arts and Literature. Culture Day in Cuba is not just a celebration of the past, but also a recognition of the vibrant arts and literature scene that exists in the country today ..., Cuban literature is the literature written in Cuba or outside the island by Cubans in Spanish language. It began to find its voice in the early 19th century ..., The Godfather Part II is a 1974 American epic crime film.The film is produced and directed by Francis Ford Coppola, loosely based on the 1969 novel The Godfather by Mario Puzo, who co-wrote the screenplay with Coppola.It is both a sequel and a prequel to the 1972 film The Godfather, presenting parallel dramas: one picks up the 1958 story of Michael …, Literature, Arts and Culture in Cuba Explore Cuban culture—including the centrality and importance of Afro-Cuban culture, the continuing legacy of Castro's Revolution and of links to the former Soviet Union, the divide with the Cuban Diaspora, and Cuba's rich literary, film, and music production., Caribbean literature in Spanish. The literatures ofthe three hispanophone islands ofthe Caribbean - Cuba, the Dominic an Repub lic, and Puerto Rico - are the oldest in the region. Their ori gins can be trac ed back to an Arawak oral tradition rich in m yth and legend gathered in all its vividn ess by Spanish Friar Ramon Pane in his Relacion acerca de lasantigiiedadesdes los indios, lascuales ..., He has lived and written in Cuba for a half century and, in 2010, was awarded Cuba's National Prize for Literature. 11 One of the direct effects of the Special Period was widespread hunger, with the caloric intake for most Cubans dipping below 1900 calories a day, and its attendant medical complications, including an outbreak of neuropathy., In his Cuban Literature class, Presas plans to highlight four authors—two male and two female, two current Cuban residents and two in exile—who can illuminate the contemporary issues of the people and launch larger philosophical discussions about Afro Latinidad and resistance., Cuban literature is one of the most prolific, relevant and influential literatures in Latin America and all the Spanish-speaking world, with renowned writers including José Martí, Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda, José María Heredia, Nicolás Guillén (the National Poet of Cuba), José Lezama Lima, Alejo Carpentier … See more, Christopher Columbus mistakenly thought that Cuba was Cipango, the fabled country of wealth, pearls, precious stones, and spices that Marco Polo said was located approximately 1500 miles off the coast of India. As a result, he altered his course to the southwest, and on October 28, 1492, he landed in Cuba. The island of Cuba was inhabited by various Amerindian cultures prior to the arrival of ..., Music in Cuba is best described as a marriage between the Spanish guitar and the African drums. Various Latin music and dance styles such as ‘Son’, which eventually gave birth to Salsa, Timba, Latin Jazz, Bolero, Guaguanco, Cha Cha Cha, Mambo and several others have originated from this tiny island. Salsa is one of the most popular Cuban ..., He has lived and written in Cuba for a half century and, in 2010, was awarded Cuba's National Prize for Literature. 11 One of the direct effects of the Special Period was widespread hunger, with the caloric intake for most Cubans dipping below 1900 calories a day, and its attendant medical complications, including an outbreak of neuropathy., My Own Private Cuba: Essays on Cuban Literature and Culture. Manuel Fierro ..., Angela Anaïs Juana Antolina Rosa Edelmira Nin y Culmell (/ ˌ æ n aɪ ˈ iː s ˈ n iː n / AN-eye-EESS NEEN, French: [ana.is nin]; February 21, 1903 – January 14, 1977) was a French-born American diarist, essayist, novelist, and writer of short stories and erotica.Born to Cuban parents in France, Nin was the daughter of the composer Joaquín Nin and the classically trained singer Rosa ..., Though a noble sentiment, this is a main issue with the Cuban model. The government spends roughly US$300-$400 (£240-£320) per person each year on healthcare, pays doctors $64 (£52) per month ..., González Echevarría, R. ( 1985 ) ' Criticism and Literature in Revolutionary Cuba ', in S. Halebsky and J. M. Kirk ( eds. ) Cuba: Twenty-fi ve Years of Revolution, 1959 - 1984., Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda (1814 - 1873) Born in Puerto Principe, Cuba, Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda was a Cuban-Spanish playwright and poet considered one of the great romantic writers of the 19th century. Though she didn't live in Cuba for much of her life, having spent many years in Spain, she had a major influence on Cuban literature., Reconstructed Image from the sonar scan of the sea floor off the coast of Cuba. ... Having performed an exhaustive search on the topic, I couldn't find a single source within the alternative literature let alone a peer-reviewed scientific paper that put forth such a hypothesis. However implausible this hypothesis may be, if true, it would ...