Is dolomite a sedimentary rock

Rock - Electrical Properties: The electrical nature of a material is characterized by its conductivity (or, inversely, its resistivity) and its dielectric constant, and coefficients that indicate the rates of change of these with temperature, frequency at which measurement is made, and so on. For rocks with a range of chemical composition as well as variable …

Is dolomite a sedimentary rock. Chemical sedimentary rocks are formed when the water components evaporate, leaving dissolved minerals behind. Sedimentary rocks of these kinds are very common in arid lands such as the deposits of salts and gypsum. Examples include rock salt, dolomites, flint, iron ore, chert, and some limestone. 3. Organic Sedimentary Rocks.

Sedimentary rocks are made of lithified (i.e. converted to rock) sediments. Lithification is a conversion of loose sediments into solid rocks. Sediments are grains (or clasts) of rocks, minerals, or mineraloids deposited on the surface of the earth. Reflect on the rock cycle for an indication of the relationships between the rocks that erode to ...

Places to see sedimentary rocks in Oklahoma: The Arbuckle Mountains of southern Oklahoma are an excellent place to see many kinds of sedimentary rocks. For example, as one travels through the Arbuckle Mountains, southbound on Interstate 35, just south of the scenic turnout, one can observe exposed layers, or strata, of limestone and dolomitic …16. 12. 2022. ... While limestone is a general term given to all carbonate rocks, we use the names dolomite or dolostone for rocks in which dolomite is the ...Jun 3, 2022 · Dolomite, CaMg (CO 3) 2, is an abundant carbonate mineral in ancient rock formations, but it is extremely scarce in modern sedimentary environments. This intriguing observation has been repeatedly referred to as the “dolomite problem” in the geological literature. (1−5) Many geoscientists over time have almost obsessively searched for a ... Dolomite forms the main mineral in the bluff-forming rocks along the Mississippi River, such as Granddad Bluff near La Crosse. (Photo by W. Cordua) Dolomite is an abundant mineral in Wisconsin. It is a major rock-forming mineral in the sedimentary dolostones within the Prairie du Chien group (Oneota and Shakopee formations), Sinnepee Group (Platteville, Decorah and Galena Formations) and the ...Dolomite is a sedimentary rock resulting from limestone and lime mud coming into contact with groundwater that is rich in magnesium. Because of that, the rock is quite similar to limestone in its coloring and composition. Dolomite is also called Dolostone to prevent confusion with the mineral dolomite which is a significant part of the stone ...In sedimentary rock containing calcite and magnesium (Mg), diagenesis may transform the two minerals into dolomite (CaMg(CO 3) 2). Diagenesis may also reduce the pore space, or open volume, between sedimentary rock grains. 3. 6. 2022. ... Why is the mineral dolomite, CaMg(CO3)2, abundant in ancient sedimentary rocks but scarce in modern rock-forming environments?

Dolomite forms the main mineral in the bluff-forming rocks along the Mississippi River, such as Granddad Bluff near La Crosse. (Photo by W. Cordua) Dolomite is an abundant mineral in Wisconsin. It is a major rock-forming mineral in the sedimentary dolostones within the Prairie du Chien group (Oneota and Shakopee formations), Sinnepee Group (Platteville, Decorah and Galena Formations) and the ... Clastic sedimentary rocks have particles that are cemented together by some of the same materials, but the difference is that in chemical and biochemical rocks, ... A less common carbonate mineral that’s still important for forming carbonate rocks is dolomite, which has the formula CaMg(CO 3) 2.As for the carbonate phases, the dolomite from the ore-hosting dolomite marble and the whole rock of relatively pure dolomite marble ranges from ca. −0.3‰ to ca. 0‰ in δ 56 Fe values, and the Fe-related mineralized dolomite marble show a larger Fe isotope variation ranging from ca. −0.25 to ca. 0.20‰ in δ 56 Fe values.16. 12. 2022. ... While limestone is a general term given to all carbonate rocks, we use the names dolomite or dolostone for rocks in which dolomite is the ...26. 8. 2020. ... The Middle Permian Lucaogou Formation in the study area is composed of a mixed sedimentary succession of tuffaceous dolostone, dolomitic rocks, ...Dolomite is both a mineral and a rock. The mineral is a pure form sedimentary rock-forming mineral that can be found all over the world and is quite common in sedimentary rock formations. The rocks formed are a sedimentary carbonate structure composed mostly of Dolomite but also with impurities such as Calcite, Quartz, and Feldspar. Conglomerate is a sedimentary rock formed by the lithification of rounded or sub-rounded gravel (grains larger than 2 mm in diameter). Conglomerate is strongly related to sandstone. It is actually a type of sandstone, although it may not be technically correct to say so. Conglomerate is composed of clasts larger than 2 mm (sand is composed of ...

Dolomite is both a mineral and a rock. The mineral is a pure form sedimentary rock-forming mineral that can be found all over the world and is quite common ...What Type of Rock is Dolomite? Dolomite rock is a type of sedimentary carbonate rock. It contains around 50 to 90% of dolomite minerals. It occurs in association with evaporites and limestone. Sedimentary rock is a kind of rock that is formed by the deposition and accumulation of minerals and organic compounds near the earth’s surface.Chert is a broad term for chemically precipitated sedimentary rocks made up of microcrystalline silica. Most charts are nearly pure silica with up to 5% other minerals like calcite, dolomite, clay minerals, hematite, and organic matter. Some cherts may have up to 99% silica, while others have 65% silica content.Table of Contents. Sedimentary rock - Limestones, Dolomites, Carbonates: Limestones and dolostones (dolomites) make up the bulk of the nonterrigenous sedimentary rocks. Limestones are for the most part …Most dolomites are thought to be of secondary (replacement) origin; the calcite of the original limestone having been replaced in situ by dolomite, probably by percolating watery solutions." (Hamilton et al 1976, 200) Common Sedimentary Rocks: Breccia | Sandstone | Dolomite | Top. Rock types: Igneous ...

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DOLOSTONE. Dolostone (formerly "dolomite") is a chemical sedimentary rock composed of the mineral dolomite (CaMg(CO3)2 - calcium magnesium carbonate).Dolomite is one of the most abundant minerals in sedimentary rocks, most of which is second only to calcium, not calcium itself. It is also initially formed in ...Dolomite forms in hydrothermal veins or as a pore-filling mineral in carbonate rocks, and more rarely as an accessory component in igneous pegmatites or altered mafic igneous rocks. By far though, most dolomite occurs in altered sedimentary marine rocks called dolostones or in marbles formed from the metamorphism of dolostone.Detritral sedimentary rocks are made from solid particles derived from outside the depositional basis 2. Chemical sedimentary rocks are formed by precipitation of ions from solution within ... dolomite may be distinguished from calcite with the acid test. Whereas calcite readily reacts to acid, dolomite reacts when powdered.

Carbonate rocks are also a class of sedimentary rocks that are composed primarily of carbonate minerals. The two major types of carbonate rocks are limestone (CaCO 3) and dolostone, primarily composed of the mineral dolomite (CaMg(CO 3) 2). Carbonate rocks can be of various origins like: • Detrital, which are formed of debris of limestone ...Sedimentary rock - Clastic, Chemical, Organic: Conglomerates and breccias are sedimentary rocks composed of coarse fragments of preexisting rocks held together either by cement or by a finer-grained clastic matrix. Both contain significant amounts (at least 10 percent) of coarser-than-sand-size clasts. Breccias are consolidated rubble; their clasts …Dolomite rock is a very common sedimentary rock, especially older carbonate rocks (formed before the Mesozoic) tend to be dolomites whereas younger carbonates are predominantly various limestones. …Chert is a sedimentary rock composed of microcrystalline or cryptocrystalline quartz, the mineral form of silicon dioxide (SiO 2 ). It occurs as nodules, concretionary masses, and as layered deposits. Chert breaks with a conchoidal fracture, often producing very sharp edges. Early people took advantage of how chert breaks and used it to fashion ...Dolomite is a variety of limestone and falls under the category of chemical sedimentary rocks. Limestone is one of the most commonly known sedimentary rocks. It can form organically, from the deposition of animal by-products and chemically by calcium carbonate precipitation.Limestone is a sedimentary rock made of calcium carbonate (CaCO 3), usually in the form of calcite or aragonite. It may contain considerable amounts of magnesium carbonate (dolomite) as well. However, minor constituents of clay, iron carbonate, feldspar, pyrite, and quartz is also commonly present.8. 1. 2021. ... According to Chilingar and colleagues [3], limestone is a sedimentary rock containing more than 50% of calcite and dolomite, with a ...Bone to Stone: Building Fossils - Building fossils starts after the organic parts of an animal break down, leaving the bones behind. Learn more about the process of building fossils. Advertisement Most of the dinosaur skeletons you see in m...Dolomite. The mineral dolomite is the main component of the sedimentary rock that is also called dolomite. It is similar to the mineral calcite but contains magnesium as well as calcium. Just based on looks, the rock dolomite is often impossible to distinguish from limestone, which is composed mainly of calcite. Dolomite crystals are usually ...Jul 16, 2021 · Dolomite is a sedimentary rock resulting from limestone and lime mud coming into contact with groundwater that is rich in magnesium. Because of that, the rock is quite similar to limestone in its coloring and composition. Dolomite is also called Dolostone to prevent confusion with the mineral dolomite which is a significant part of the stone ... Dolostone is the name of a sedimentary rock that is dominantly composed of the mineral dolomite (CaMg(CO3)2). Dolomite is a carbonate mineral similar to calcite (CaCO3), the dominant mineral in limestone and marble. Dolostones are easily distinguished from limestones by using the dilute hydrochloric acid (HCL) test.

Crystals of dolomite are common in hydrothermal vein deposits and in sedimentary rocks, where they fill pores in their host rock. By volume, however, most dolomite occurs in its …

Sedimentary rocks are made of lithified (i.e. converted to rock) sediments. Lithification is a conversion of loose sediments into solid rocks. Sediments are grains (or clasts) of rocks, minerals, or mineraloids deposited on the surface of the earth. Reflect on the rock cycle for an indication of the relationships between the rocks that erode to ... Dolomite countertops. Dolomite, also referred to as dolostone and dolomite rock, is a sedimentary rock. By weight, it contains more than 50 percent of the mineral dolomite. Dolomite’s appearance is pearly or glassy. Dolomite forms naturally when limestone undergoes a chemical change after coming in contact with magnesium-rich groundwater.Dolomite crystals are colourless, white, buff-coloured, pinkish, or bluish. Granular dolomite in rocks tends to be light to dark gray, tan, or white. Dolomite crystals range from transparent to ... each model is based on the assumption that the dolomite of dolostones has been formed by conversion of CaCO 3 sediment or sedimentary rocks to ...The most common path begins with shale, which is a sedimentary rock. Regional metamorphism can transform shale into slate, then phyllite, then schist, and finally into gneiss. During this transformation, clay particles in shale transform into micas and increase in size. Finally, the platy micas begin to recrystallize into granular minerals.Chemical sedimentary rocks are formed when the water components evaporate, leaving dissolved minerals behind. Sedimentary rocks of these kinds are very common in arid lands such as the deposits of salts and gypsum. Examples include rock salt, dolomites, flint, iron ore, chert, and some limestone. 3. Organic Sedimentary Rocks.Chert is a sedimentary rock composed of microcrystalline or cryptocrystalline quartz, the mineral form of silicon dioxide (SiO 2 ). It occurs as nodules, concretionary masses, and as layered deposits. Chert breaks with a conchoidal fracture, often producing very sharp edges. Early people took advantage of how chert breaks and used it to fashion ...Best Answer. dolomite is a MINERAL. it is NOT considered a sedimentary rock of any kind. sedimentary rocks are composed of minerals, fragments or particles of other rocks (sedimentary, metamorphic ...Dolomite is a sedimentary carbonate rock. It is mainly composed of dolomite, often mixed with quartz, feldspar, calcite and clay minerals. Grayish white ...For the determination of carbonate rocks, there will be calcite, aragonite, or dolomite. Identifying Sedimentary Rocks. To identify sedimentary rocks you need to look at the mixture of the rock material. Any mixture of rocks, silt, sand, or clay clumped together, will be defined as a sedimentary rock.

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Type Sedimentary Rock Origin Chemical Texture Nonclastic; Very Fine-grained Composition Dolomite Color Medium to light Gray Miscellaneous Crystalline; Reacts weakly with HCl; Hardness < Glass Depositional Environment Shallow, Restricted Circulation Marine (Magnesium Rich Waters)Granular dolomite in rocks tends to be light to dark gray, tan, or white. Dolomite crystals range from transparent to translucent, but dolomite grains in rocks are typically translucent or ... each model is based on the …In the distance, steeply dipping and folded sedimentary rocks (mostly limestone and dolomite) of late Proterozoic and Paleozoic age crop out throughout the Mescal Range. In contrast to other types of rocks, carbonate rocks tend to be fairly resistant to erosion in arid climate conditions.Composed primarily of carbonate material, dolostone is a more stalwart rock than its chemical cousin, limestone. It is often mined for construction and ...Dolomite crystals are colourless, white, buff-coloured, pinkish, or bluish. Granular dolomite in rocks tends to be light to dark gray, tan, or white. Dolomite crystals range from transparent to ... each model is based on the assumption that the dolomite of dolostones has been formed by conversion of CaCO 3 sediment or sedimentary rocks to ...In the course of a long time, as layer upon layer of sediments were piled one on another, they were compressed, cemented, and consolidated into rock which we call sedimentary. Each layer or bed is a stratum; layered or bedded rock is said to be stratified. Various minerals in the ancient igneous rocks were made over into different sediments.Dolomite, or dolostone, is a carbonate sedimentary rock made mostly from the mineral dolomite, CaMg (CO3)2. It commonly occurs in association with limestone and shares …Jul 16, 2021 · Dolomite is a sedimentary rock resulting from limestone and lime mud coming into contact with groundwater that is rich in magnesium. Because of that, the rock is quite similar to limestone in its coloring and composition. Dolomite is also called Dolostone to prevent confusion with the mineral dolomite which is a significant part of the stone ... Clastic sedimentary rocks are formed by compaction and cementation of clasts composed of individual mineral grains or pieces of rock. Because their mineralogy varies so much, we generally classify clastic rocks based on grain size rather than composition. ... Besides calcite and dolomite, carbonate rocks often contain detrital quartz or clay ...In sedimentary rock: Mineralogy. Though ancient limestones and dolomites are composed of calcite and dolomite, respectively, other calcite group minerals such as magnesite (MgCO 3), rhodochrosite (MnCO 3), and siderite (FeCO 3) occur in limited amounts in restricted environments.Modern carbonate sediments are composed almost entirely of metastable aragonite (CaCO 3) and magnesium-rich calcite ... ….

Dolomite forms the main mineral in the bluff-forming rocks along the Mississippi River, such as Granddad Bluff near La Crosse. (Photo by W. Cordua) Dolomite is an abundant mineral in Wisconsin. It is a major rock-forming mineral in the sedimentary dolostones within the Prairie du Chien group (Oneota and Shakopee formations), Sinnepee Group (Platteville, Decorah and Galena Formations) and the ...Sedimentary Rocks. Sedimentary rocks are one of the three main types of rocks found on Earth, along with igneous and metamorphic rocks. They are formed through the accumulation, compaction, and cementation of various sediments over time. Sediments are fragments of rocks, minerals, organic material, and even chemical precipitates that have been ...In sedimentary rock containing calcite and magnesium (Mg), diagenesis may transform the two minerals into dolomite (CaMg(CO 3) 2). Diagenesis may also reduce the pore space, or open volume, between sedimentary rock grains.3. 3. 2015. ... minerals) in sediments and sedimentary rocks. X-ray diffraction has an advantage in that it can. deal with micrometre to submicrometre crystal.Sedimentary rocks are products of the consolidation of loose sediments which are in most part bits and pieces of other disintegrated rocks. There are three main types of sedimentary rocks: mudstone, sandstone, limestone. ... Marble is a metamorphosed (recrystallized) carbonate rock (limestone, dolomite rock). Marble is mostly composed …14. 7. 2023. ... In contrast with such thick widespread dolomites in the sedimentary rocks today, dolomite formation is rare and isolated. Moreover, sedimentary ...Here are some notable regions and geological settings where dolomite is commonly found: Sedimentary Basins: Dolomite is often associated with sedimentary basins, where it forms in marine, lacustrine, and evaporitic settings. Sedimentary basins around the world, both ancient and modern, can host dolomite-bearing rocks.Dolomite is a sedimentary carbonate rock. It is mainly composed of dolomite, often mixed with quartz, feldspar, calcite and clay minerals. Grayish white ... Is dolomite a sedimentary rock, Sedimentary rocks are formed on or near the Earth’s surface, in contrast to metamorphic and igneous rocks, which are formed deep within the Earth. The most important geological processes that lead to the creation of sedimentary rocks are erosion, weathering, dissolution, precipitation, and lithification.. Erosion and weathering include …, Sedi- mentary-diagenetic features and physical-mechanical properties of sedimentary rocks are closely related. Test- ing and comparing of these properties have ..., Dolomite, or dolostone, is a carbonate sedimentary rock made mostly from the mineral dolomite, CaMg (CO3)2. It commonly occurs in association with limestone and shares …, Chert is the name for a widespread type of sedimentary rock that is made of silica (silicon dioxide or SiO 2). The most familiar silica mineral is quartz in microscopic or even invisible crystals; that is, microcrystalline or cryptocrystalline quartz. Learn more about how it is made and find out what it is made of., Oolite is a sedimentary rock made up of ooids (ooliths) that are cemented together. ... Some ooids are made of silica , dolomite or fine-grained phosphatic material (collophane). Such ooids are formed by replacement of original …, Chert is the name for a widespread type of sedimentary rock that is made of silica (silicon dioxide or SiO 2). The most familiar silica mineral is quartz in microscopic or even invisible crystals; that is, microcrystalline or cryptocrystalline quartz. Learn more about how it is made and find out what it is made of., Dolomite, also known as \"dolostone\" and \"dolomite rock,\" is a sedimentary rock composed primarily of the mineral dolomite, CaMg(CO3)2. Dolomite is found in sedimentary basins worldwide. It is thought to form by the postdepositional alteration of lime mud and limestone by magnesium-rich groundwater. See more, Dolomite forms in hydrothermal veins or as a pore-filling mineral in carbonate rocks, and more rarely as an accessory component in igneous pegmatites or altered mafic igneous rocks. By far though, most dolomite occurs in altered sedimentary marine rocks called dolostones or in marbles formed from the metamorphism of dolostone., Dolomite is one of the most abundant minerals in sedimentary rocks, most of which is second only to calcium, not calcium itself. It is also initially formed in ..., Dolomite is a very common mineral, and is known for its saddle-shaped curved crystal aggregates. A unique, isolated Dolomite occurrence in Eugui, Spain has provided colorless transparent crystals that resemble the Iceland Spar variety of Calcite.The occurrence of Kolwezi, in the Congo, has produced some fascinating, cobalt-rich specimens that are a beautiful hot pink color and highly popular., Limestone is a sedimentary rock made of calcium carbonate (CaCO 3), usually in the form of calcite or aragonite. It may contain considerable amounts of magnesium carbonate (dolomite) as well. However, minor constituents of clay, iron carbonate, feldspar, pyrite, and quartz is also commonly present., Sedimentary deposits are formed through a variety of processes that involve the deposition, precipitation, and/or accumulation of mineral or organic material in a sedimentary basin. The resulting sedimentary rocks can contain a wide variety of minerals and ores, including iron, aluminum, copper, lead, zinc, gold, and silver., Clastic Sedimentary Rocks. How Clastic Sedimentary Rocks are Formed: Pre‑existing rock undergoes chemical and mechanical weathering by roots, acid rainwater, gravity, wind, and water. The broken particles are carried through water or air until they settle out in a lower area when the current wasn’t fast enough to carry the particles. , The dolomite in the study area is characterized by a high CaO and a low MgO content (Table 3.1), which suggests partial dolomitization.The amounts of CaO and MgO in the dolomicrite have a positive linear correlation, indicating a sedimentary origin; the CaO and MgO contents of fine-crystalline dolomite and dolo-arenite have, in contrast, a negative …, Sedimentary rocks are found covering a majority of the Earth’s upper crust. Formed from the deposition of mud and sand that is buried and compressed to form solid rock, sedimentary rocks usually begin their life underwater, rising to the Ea..., The term is also used for a sedimentary carbonate rock composed mostly of the mineral dolomite (see Dolomite (rock) ). An alternative name sometimes used for the dolomitic rock type is dolostone. History Cristallo in the Dolomites mountain range near Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy. The Dolomite Mountains were named after the mineral., Aug 22, 2023 · Here are some notable regions and geological settings where dolomite is commonly found: Sedimentary Basins: Dolomite is often associated with sedimentary basins, where it forms in marine, lacustrine, and evaporitic settings. Sedimentary basins around the world, both ancient and modern, can host dolomite-bearing rocks. , In sedimentary rock: Mineralogy. Though ancient limestones and dolomites are composed of calcite and dolomite, respectively, other calcite group minerals such as magnesite (MgCO 3 ), rhodochrosite (MnCO 3 ), and …, Jul 14, 2022 · Dolomite is only found in sedimentary rock types and is mostly found in Brazil, Austria, and Italy. Also read: Calcite vs. Quartz: This Is The Difference. Care. Neither of these two should be cleaned using water, as they rate lower than 5 on the Mohs scale. Leaving these two to soak will either dissolve or break them. , Carbonate rocks are a class of sedimentary rocks composed primarily of carbonate minerals. The two major types are limestone, which is composed of calcite or aragonite (different crystal forms of CaCO 3 ), and dolomite rock (also known as dolostone), which is composed of mineral dolomite (CaMg (CO 3) 2 ). They are usually classified based on ..., The dolomite which does occur in sedimentary rocks is commonly Ca-rich, having compositions which range from about Ca(Ca 0.16 Mg 0.84)(CO 3) 2 to ideality, and/or exhibits weak, diffuse, X-ray diffraction, suggesting considerably less structural order than its composition should dictate. With respect to ideal dolomite, all such naturally ..., Synonyms to luxury and modernism, dolomite, also known as dolostone, is a sedimentary rock composed of the mineral dolomite. It is a common mineral in hydrothermal veins, and it can be found in formations of hundreds or thousands of feet thick. Dolomite is relatively soft and easily cut or cracked, hence its importance in the mining …, Marble is a type of metamorphic rock that is composed of recrystallized carbonate minerals, usually calcite or dolomite. The physical origins of marble can be traced back to a combination of heat, pressure, and chemical activity that transforms existing sedimentary or igneous rocks into this distinctive rock type., Dolomite is a kind of carbonate rock that is similar to limestone, but is generally heavier and harder than that type of sedimentary rock. Due to their ..., Oolite or oölite (from Ancient Greek ᾠόν (ōión) 'egg stone') [1] is a sedimentary rock formed from ooids, spherical grains composed of concentric layers. [2] Strictly, oolites consist of ooids of diameter 0.25–2 millimetres; rocks composed of ooids larger than 2 mm are called pisolites. The term oolith can refer to oolite or individual ..., There are two main branches of sedimentary petrology. One branch deals with carbonate rocks, namely limestones and dolomites, composed principally of calcium carbonate (calcite) and calcium magnesium carbonate (dolomite). Much of the complexity in classifying carbonate rocks stems partly from the fact that many, Metasedimentary and igneous rocks outcrop over the central portion of the map area (designated as IM on Fig. 40.2 ). Seabed relief on bedrock reaches 40 m in places (over a horizontal distance of ~500 m) but is generally less than 6 m ( Fig. 40.3 ). At regional scale the igneous bedrock exhibits two jointing directions (approximately 40° and ... , Dolomite rock is a type of sedimentary carbonate rock. It contains around 50 to 90% of dolomite minerals. It occurs in association with evaporites and limestone. Sedimentary rock is a kind of rock that is formed by the deposition and accumulation of minerals and organic compounds near the earth’s surface., Dolomite. Dolomite is a sedimentary rock that is made up of magnesium calcium , and it comes in several forms including massive crystalline compact and nodular the massive form has no visible crystals or fibers. and the compact form often contains smaller crystals that are hard to see with the naked eye, The nodular form consists of small ..., In sedimentary rock containing calcite and magnesium (Mg), diagenesis may transform the two minerals into dolomite (CaMg(CO 3) 2). Diagenesis may also reduce the pore space, or open volume, between sedimentary rock grains., Sedimentary rock - Classification, Deposits, Types: In general, geologists have attempted to classify sedimentary rocks on a natural basis, but some schemes have genetic implications (i.e.,knowledge of origin of a particular rock type is assumed), and many classifications reflect the philosophy, training, and experience of those who propound …, Dolomite, CaMg(CO 3) 2, is an abundant carbonate mineral in ancient rock formations, but it is extremely scarce in modern sedimentary environments.This intriguing observation has been repeatedly referred to as the "dolomite problem" in the geological literature. Many geoscientists over time have almost obsessively searched for a solution to this enigma without being able to come up with a ..., Dolomite is the name of a sedimentary carbonate rock and a mineral, both composed of calcium magnesium carbonate Ca Mg ( C O 3) 2. As a mineral, it is found in crystals. Dolomite rock (or 'dolostone') is mostly made of the mineral dolomite. Limestone that is partially replaced by dolomite is referred to as dolomitic limestone.