Imperial german

SMS Niobe was the second member of the ten-ship Gazelle class of light cruisers that were built for the German Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial Navy) in the late 1890s and early 1900s. The Gazelle class was the culmination of earlier unprotected cruiser and aviso designs, combining the best aspects of both types in what became the progenitor of all future light …

Imperial german. Hohenzollern dynasty, dynasty prominent in European history, chiefly as the ruling house of Brandenburg-Prussia (1415–1918) and of imperial Germany (1871–1918). It takes its name from a castle in Swabia first mentioned as Zolorin or Zolre (the modern Hohenzollern, south of Tübingen, in the Land Baden-Württemberg). …

Dec 5, 2019 ... The armoured cruiser played a key role in the Battle of Coronel, fought between the British Royal Navy and Germany's Imperial Navy off the coast ...

Jun 30, 2014 · What the world needed in 1914 and 1939 was what the world thankfully has today: a European Germany, not a German Europe. 1. 2. "The major cause of World War I was Imperial Germany’s ... German kingdom (blue) in the Holy Roman Empire around 1000. This is a list of monarchs who ruled over East Francia, and the Kingdom of Germany (Latin: Regnum Teutonicum), from the division of the Frankish Empire in 843 and the collapse of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806 until the collapse of the German Empire in 1918:4. Imperial Germany was NOT a democracy: Only the Reichstag was elected by the people. The Bundesrat, the second chamber of the legislative, had its delegates picked by the governments of the states who nearly all reported only to the local duke or king. The Reichsregierung (administration) reported to the Emperor alone.Named for Imperial German Großadmiral (“Grand Admiral”) Alfred von Tirpitz, (1849-1930), she was laid down in the port town of Wilhelmshaven on November 2, 1936, launched on April 1, 1939, and commissioned on February 25, 1941. It didn’t take long for Tirpitz’s existence to cause consternation to the British Admiralty. But it turned out …Imperial German insignias | Great War 1914-1918 | Germany <1918.The Reichsadler, i. e. the German Imperial Eagle, originated from a proto-heraldic emblem that was believed to have been used by Charlemagne, the first Frankish ruler whom the Pope crowned as Holy Roman Emperor in AD 800, and derived ultimately from the Aquila, i. e. eagle standard, of the ancient Roman army.. An eagle statue was erected on the roof …Dec 12, 2015 ... Political Parties in Imperial Germany ... The German Empire–often called the Second Reich to distinguish it from the First Reich, established by ...

At the dawn of 1917, the German high command forced a return to the policy of unrestricted submarine warfare, engineering the dismissal of opponents of the ...Since moving from printed catalogs to the internet in 2000, Wittmann Antique Militaria has become one of the premier military collectible sites on the web, specializing in German Imperial and Third Reich artifacts. Over the years we have worked hard to serve the worldwide collecting community, earning their respect through years of honesty ...Apr 17, 2020 ... Colonial Policy and the Imperial German Navy. Admiral Alfred Tirpitz's motives in building a German battle fleet have been the sub- ject of ...Germany - Unification, Imperialism, WWI: The German Empire was founded on January 18, 1871, in the aftermath of three successful wars by the North German state of Prussia. Within a seven-year period …Imperial German Army 1914-18 - just one of the military history books available from Helion & Company.

Imperial German plans for the invasion of the United States were ordered by staff officers from 1897 to 1903 as training exercises in planning for war. The hypothetical operation was supposed to force the US to bargain from a weak position and to sever its growing economic and political connections in the Pacific Ocean, the Caribbean, and …The Berlin Palace, also known as the City Palace (German: Stadtschloss ), [3] is a building in the Mitte area of Berlin, located on the Museum Island at Schlossplatz opposite the Lustgarten park. From the 15th century to the early 20th century, the Berliner Schloss was a royal and imperial palace that mostly served as the main residence for the ...The Schlieffen Plan (German: Schlieffen-Plan, pronounced [ʃliːfən plaːn]) is a name given after the First World War to German war plans, due to the influence of Field Marshal Alfred von Schlieffen and his thinking on an invasion of France and Belgium, which began on 4 August 1914. Schlieffen was Chief of the General Staff of the German Army from 1891 to …The Imperial German Army now was the most powerful military in Europe. Although Germany now had a parliament, it did not control the military, which was under the direct command of the Kaiser (Emperor). The German economy was rapidly growing, as was German pride and intense nationalism. Oct 8, 2012 · The small crowns on the field of the flag are German imperial crowns like Jaume Ollé's, not five-arched royal crowns like Željko Heimer's. Joseph McMillan, 5 Dec 2001. Accurate illustrations that agree [with Schlawe 1913] can be found in Meyers Konversationslexikon 1897, reprinted in Crampton 1990, p. 42 and in Znamierowski 1999, p. 59.

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N012489 COMBATANTS CROSS OF HONOR 1914/18 AWARD DOCUMENT. G012289 GERMAN COLONIAL SERVICE MEDAL FOR INDIGENOUS SOLDIERS (ASKARI) G001189 IMPERIAL GERMAN WARRIOR MERIT MEDAL SECOND CLASS FOR COLONIAL TROOPS. G007988 1914 MECKLENBURG 2ND CLASS MILITARY MERIT MEDAL. G008088 COMMEMORATIVE MEDAL FOR THE 25th ANNIVERSARY FRANCO-PRUSSIAN WAR 1870-1871.Imperial German Chocolate Cupcake Stout from Angry Chair Brewing. Beer rating: 99 out of 100 with 337 ratings. Imperial German Chocolate Cupcake Stout is a American Imperial Stout style beer brewed by Angry Chair Brewing in Tampa, FL. Score: 99 with 337 ratings and reviews. Last update: 10-13-2023.The German Gewehr-Prüfungskommission (G.P.K.) (rifle testing commission) adopted the Gewehr 98 on 5 April 1898. The action was derived from the experimental Gewehr 96 rifle. In 1901, the first troop issues of the Gewehr 98 rifles were made to the East Asian Expeditionary Force, the Imperial German Navy, andThe Imperial German Empire began on January 18, 1871, shortly after victory in the Franco-Prussian War (1870-1871). The Unification of Germany, under Otto von Bismarck, occurred when most of the German states gathered together to proclaim King Wilhelm I of Prussia as Kaiser (German Emperor). Austria was a notable exception given the major power ...1866. ( 1866) The Königgrätz March ( AM II, 134 (AM II, 195)), also known as Der Königgrätzer or Der Königgrätzer Marsch, is one of the most famous German military marches, composed in 1866 by Johann Gottfried Piefke in commemoration of the Battle of Königgrätz, the decisive battle of the Austro-Prussian War, in which the Kingdom of ...

WWI German Imperial Battle Flag - Cotton -2' x 3' New! Imperial War Flag of Germany during the First World War. Flag measures 2' X 3'. These flags are high quality, screen printed on woven cotton fabric and featuring white canvas binding along the rope edge, with extra reinforcing stitching along the...The term Reichskriegsflagge ( German: [ˈʁaɪçsˌkʁiːksflaɡə], lit. 'National War Flag') refers to several war flags and war ensigns used by the German armed forces in history. A total of eight different designs were used in 1848–1849 and between 1867–1871 and 1945.Germany - Unification, Imperialism, WWI: The German Empire was founded on January 18, 1871, in the aftermath of three successful wars by the North German state of Prussia. Within a seven-year period Denmark, the Habsburg monarchy, and France were vanquished in short, decisive conflicts. The empire was forged not as the result of the outpouring of nationalist feeling from the masses but through ...Imperial Germany 1871-1918. Edited by James Retallack. Oxford Short History of Germany. The ideal introduction to German history between the founding of the ...LIFETIME GUARANTEE OF ORIGINALITY ON ALL ITEMS, OVER 30 YEARS IN BUSINESS! IMPERIAL GERMAN HEADGEAR. G008179 PRUSSIAN "GARDE" M1894 ULANEN TSCHAPKA. G009781 PRUSSIAN M1867/94 OTHER RANKS ULANEN TSCHAPKA. G002784 SAXON ISSUED MANNSCHAFTEN (EM’S) M1915 TSCHAKO. G001784 M1915 PRUSSIAN TELEGRAPH BATTALION TSCHAKO. SMS Markgraf [a] was the third dreadnought battleship of the four-ship König class. She served in the Imperial German Navy during World War I. The battleship was laid down in November 1911 and launched on 4 June 1913. She was formally commissioned into the Imperial Navy on 1 October 1914, just over two months after the outbreak of war in Europe.Robert Ritter von Greim, the second and last Supreme Commander of the Luftwaffe (in office: April–May 1945. The Luftwaffe [N 2] ( German pronunciation: [ˈlʊftvafə] ⓘ) was the aerial-warfare branch of the German Wehrmacht before and during World War II. Germany 's military air arms during World War I, the Luftstreitkräfte of the Imperial ...The Imperial German Army now was the most powerful military in Europe. Although Germany now had a parliament, it did not control the military, which was under the direct command of the Kaiser (Emperor). The German economy was rapidly growing, as was German pride and intense nationalism. After 1890, Germany made a major effort to build …Apr 17, 2020 ... Colonial Policy and the Imperial German Navy. Admiral Alfred Tirpitz's motives in building a German battle fleet have been the sub- ject of ...German, Bulgarian & Austrian WWI Infantry, Navy & Fliegertruppe Hats: Kaiserlichen Marine Officer White Top NEW. WW1 German Imperial Navy schirmütze NEW. Naval Deck Officer Visor Cap & White Cover. WW1 German Naval Deck Officer Visor Cap. M1917 Vulcan Fibre Peak. WW1 German M1917 Officer Field Cap. WW1 Imperial M1916 Wool Crusher Cap.

Updated on the 27th of September 2023 Welcome to the Imperial Germans Information website. This site focuses on spreading the information of the existence of the Imperial Germans or Reichsdeutsche (RDs) in German. The Imperial Germans are the Germans that live in the Inner Earthen colony of New Swabia. The capital city of New Swabia is New Berlin.

The German Empire consisted of 4 Kingdoms ( Prussia, Bavaria, Saxony and Württemberg), 6 Grand Duchies, 5 Duchies, 7 Principalities, 3 Free Cities and 1 Imperial Territory (Alsace-Lorraine). Prussia was by far the most dominant state, as it made up 64% of the empire and the King of Prussia was also the German Emperor.List of chancellors of Germany. Top left: Otto von Bismarck was the first chancellor of Germany with the creation of the North German Confederation and later the German Empire. Top right: Konrad Adenauer was the first chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany. Bottom left: Helmut Kohl was chancellor during the period of German reunification ... Field marshal (German: Generalfeldmarschall) was usually the highest military rank in various German armed forces.It had existed, under slightly different names, in several German states since 1631. After the unification of Germany it was the highest military rank of the Imperial German Army and later in the Wehrmacht until it was abolished in 1945.Army rank insignia Specialty insignia (NCOs and enlisted). The Heer as the German army and part of the Wehrmacht inherited its uniforms and rank structure from the Reichsheer of the Weimar Republic (1921–1935). There were few alterations and adjustments made as the army grew from a limited peacetime defense force of 100,000 men to a war-fighting force …German Imperialism and Social Imperialism, 1871–1933 This essay provides an overview of the development of the German working class in relation to the imperialist character of the German state and society.The term Reichskriegsflagge ( German: [ˈʁaɪçsˌkʁiːksflaɡə], lit. 'National War Flag') refers to several war flags and war ensigns used by the German armed forces in history. A total of eight different designs were used in 1848–1849 and between 1867–1871 and 1945. German, Bulgarian & Austrian WWI Infantry, Navy & Fliegertruppe Hats: Kaiserlichen Marine Officer White Top NEW. WW1 German Imperial Navy schirmütze NEW. Naval Deck Officer Visor Cap & White Cover. WW1 German Naval Deck Officer Visor Cap. M1917 Vulcan Fibre Peak. WW1 German M1917 Officer Field Cap. WW1 Imperial M1916 Wool Crusher Cap.German Shepherds are one of the most popular breeds of dogs in the world. They are known for their intelligence, loyalty, and strength. While these traits make them great companions, they can also make them difficult to train without profes...

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In 1871 a design and a model for a new state crown ( German: Staatskrone) were created to reflect the new German Empire. [1] The model was based upon the Crown of the Holy Roman Empire and was kept in the Hohenzollern museum at Schloss Monbijou in Berlin, until it disappeared during World War II. It has never re-surfaced.The Flag of the German Empire, or Imperial Flag, Realm Flag, ( German: Reichsflagge) is a combination between the flag of Prussia and the flag of the Hanseatic League. Starting as the national flag of the North German Confederation, it would go on to be commonly used officially and unofficially under the nation-state of the German Reich, which ... Germany - Unification, Imperialism, WWI: The German Empire was founded on January 18, 1871, in the aftermath of three successful wars by the North German state of Prussia. Within a seven-year period Denmark, the Habsburg monarchy, and France were vanquished in short, decisive conflicts."Imperial German Colonial and Overseas Troops 1885-1918" is an Osprey Men-at-Arms Series entry, authored by Alejandro de Quesada and illustrated by Stephen Walsh. In its brief content (less than 50 pages), the author summarizes Imperial Germany's actions in West and east Africa, China, and the Pacific Islands to establish and maintain control ...g001689 imperial german cavalry trooper's saddle bag. g000188 m1887 breadbag. g003481 m1887 breadbag. g006987 m1910 mess kit. g007487 m1893 drinking mug. ...Authentic American, Japanese, German, and other world military collectibles from multiple time periods, focusing on WW2 militaria artifacts. Skip to navigation Skip to content. MY ACCOUNT; Search for: Search. Menu. MENU MENU. SHOP BY CATEGORIES. AMERICAN. PRE-CIVIL WAR. Edged Weapons; ... Imperial German Standard (Kaiser …This is a List of Imperial German cavalry regiments before and during World War I.In peacetime, the Imperial German Army included 110 regiments of cavalry. Some of these regiments had a history stretching back to the 17th century but others were only formed as late as October 1913.. On mobilisation, they were joined by 33 reserve cavalry regiments, …Albert von Berrer. Hans Hartwig von Beseler. Moritz von Bissing. Alfred von Böckmann. Max von Boehn (general) Felix Graf von Bothmer. Otto von Brandenstein. Karl von Bülow. Johannes von Busse.Ernst Jünger, Willy Rohr. Stormtroopers ( German: Sturmtruppen [2] or Stoßtruppen [3]) were specialist infantry soldiers of the German Army. In the last years of World War I, Stoßtruppen ("shock troopers" or "shove troopers") were trained to use infiltration tactics – part of the Germans' improved method of attack on enemy trenches. [1] ….

9 killed. 16 wounded. Shortly after the end of the First World War, the Imperial German Navy was scuttled by its sailors while held off the harbour of the British Royal Navy base at Scapa Flow, in the Orkney Islands of Scotland. The High Seas Fleet was interned there under the terms of the Armistice while negotiations took place over the fate ...The Schlieffen Plan (German: Schlieffen-Plan, pronounced [ʃliːfən plaːn]) is a name given after the First World War to German war plans, due to the influence of Field Marshal Alfred von Schlieffen and his thinking on an invasion of France and Belgium, which began on 4 August 1914. Schlieffen was Chief of the General Staff of the German Army from 1891 to …Volume 4, June 1916 to April 1917 - after Jutland, overseas campaigns, Mediterranean, German raiders, build-up to unrestricted U-boat warfare. Volume 5, April 1917 to November 1918 - unrestricted U-boat campaign, ... , Imperial German Navy, including naval aviation, 1914-1918. SHIPS and NAVIES. SHIPS OF THE ROYAL NAVY, …German Reich (lit.German Realm, German Empire, from German: Deutsches Reich, pronounced [ˌdɔʏtʃəs ˈʁaɪç] ⓘ) was the constitutional name for the German nation-state that existed from 18 January 1871 to 5 June 1945. The Reich became understood as deriving its authority and sovereignty entirely from a continuing unitary German Volk ("national …Jun 30, 2014 · What the world needed in 1914 and 1939 was what the world thankfully has today: a European Germany, not a German Europe. 1. 2. "The major cause of World War I was Imperial Germany’s ... World War I submarines in the Imperial German Navy of Germany during 1914−1918. This category is for submarines designed, built, or operated by Germany during World War I (1914–1918). See also: Category: Ships sunk by German submarines in World War IThis is a list of Imperial German infantry regiments before and during World War I. In peacetime, the Imperial German Army included 217 regiments of infantry (plus the instruction unit, Lehr Infantry Battalion). Some of these regiments had a history stretching back to the 17th Century, while others were only formed as late as October 1912.The Zeppelin Staaken R.VI of World War I was the largest bomber ever to strike Britain. The name Zeppelin is usually associated with rigid lighter-than-air craft from the early 1900s through the 1930s, including the famous Graf Zeppelin and ill-fated Hindenburg. During World War I, the name was linked to giant airships employed by the Imperial ...Named for Imperial German Großadmiral (“Grand Admiral”) Alfred von Tirpitz, (1849-1930), she was laid down in the port town of Wilhelmshaven on November 2, 1936, launched on April 1, 1939, and commissioned on February 25, 1941. It didn’t take long for Tirpitz’s existence to cause consternation to the British Admiralty. But it turned out … Imperial german, Flag Officers of the Imperial German Navy 1914-1918. 1. INTRODUCTION TO DIE KAISERLICHE MARINE 1914-1918. SMS Brandenburg, launched 1891, II Squadron, 1893 Battle Fleet (Photo Ships) It is not the purpose of this article to examine the two most controversial aspects of the Kaiserliche Marine. Was it a 'Luxury Fleet' designed by the Kaiser to ..., The Flag of the German Empire, or Imperial Flag, Realm Flag, ( German: Reichsflagge) is a combination between the flag of Prussia and the flag of the Hanseatic League. Starting as the national flag of the North German Confederation, it would go on to be commonly used officially and unofficially under the nation-state of the German Reich, which ..., German Emperor's Standard: 1871–1901: Empress Augusta and Empress Victoria's Standard: 1888–1918: Empress Augusta Viktoria's Standard: 1871–1888: Standard of the Crown Prince: 1888–1918: Standard of the Crown Prince: 1519–1556: Another imperial banner of Charles V: A black double-headed eagle with an escutcheon of the coat of …, 王 is the title of kings in East Asia. A king is called Wáng in Chinese, Wang in Korean, Vương in Vietnamese, and Ō in Japanese, but these are all just their respective pronunciations of the Chinese character 王 . Wáng (王), the head of state of Ancient China. Wang (왕, 王), Korean, meaning "king"., This exhibition received 1 billion won in funding from the Korean government, The Imperial German Army (1871–1919), officially referred to as the German Army ( German: Deutsches Heer [7] ), was the unified ground and air force of the German Empire., Abdication statement of Wilhelm II, signed 28 November 1918. The abdication of Wilhelm II as German Emperor and King of Prussia was declared by Chancellor Maximilian of Baden on 9 November 1918; it was formally affirmed by a written statement of Wilhelm on 28 November, made while in exile in Amerongen, the Netherlands.The abdication caused …, Jul 1, 2013 ... The United States entered the war in a fit of moralistic fervor over bloodthirsty German militarism. Opinion swung back in the opposite ..., LIFETIME GUARANTEE OF ORIGINALITY ON ALL ITEMS, OVER 30 YEARS IN BUSINESS! IMPERIAL GERMAN HEADGEAR. G008179 PRUSSIAN "GARDE" M1894 ULANEN TSCHAPKA. G009781 PRUSSIAN M1867/94 OTHER RANKS ULANEN TSCHAPKA. G002784 SAXON ISSUED MANNSCHAFTEN (EM’S) M1915 TSCHAKO. G001784 M1915 PRUSSIAN TELEGRAPH BATTALION TSCHAKO., The German Empire was founded in 1871, after three successful wars by the North German state of Prussia. Prussia …, Dec 5, 2019 ... The armoured cruiser played a key role in the Battle of Coronel, fought between the British Royal Navy and Germany's Imperial Navy off the coast ..., The Imperial Germans are the Germans that live in the Inner Earthen colony of New Swabia. The capital city of New Swabia is New Berlin. The Imperial Germans are responsible for most UFO sightings on Earth. Not all UFO sightings are of Imperial German origin. According to Dr. Steven Greers’ Disclosure Project and now Sirius Disclosure there are several stellar civilizations visiting Earth. , The Imperial German Army, on the other hand, was defeated mainly by attrition - they DID keep up with the tactical sophistication of the Allies, and they kept up with most of the technology too. They knocked Russia out of the war in 1917, and the German Army only collapsed after causing the breakthrough that returned the Western Front to mobile ... , N012489 COMBATANTS CROSS OF HONOR 1914/18 AWARD DOCUMENT. G012289 GERMAN COLONIAL SERVICE MEDAL FOR INDIGENOUS SOLDIERS (ASKARI) G001189 IMPERIAL GERMAN WARRIOR MERIT MEDAL SECOND CLASS FOR COLONIAL TROOPS. G007988 1914 MECKLENBURG 2ND CLASS MILITARY MERIT MEDAL. G008088 COMMEMORATIVE MEDAL FOR THE 25th ANNIVERSARY FRANCO-PRUSSIAN WAR 1870-1871. , The German Empire consisted of 4 Kingdoms ( Prussia, Bavaria, Saxony and Württemberg), 6 Grand Duchies, 5 Duchies, 7 Principalities, 3 Free Cities and 1 Imperial Territory (Alsace-Lorraine). Prussia was by far the most dominant state, as it made up 64% of the empire and the King of Prussia was also the German Emperor., 王 is the title of kings in East Asia. A king is called Wáng in Chinese, Wang in Korean, Vương in Vietnamese, and Ō in Japanese, but these are all just their respective pronunciations of the Chinese character 王 . Wáng (王), the head of state of Ancient China. Wang (왕, 王), Korean, meaning "king"., Reinhard Scheer joined the Imperial German Navy in 1879. He was a dynamic, confident leader who brought optimism to his role in command of the German High Seas Fleet, which he gained control of in early 1916. After nearly two years of war, there had been no decisive battle between the two major naval rivals, Britain and Germany., Stormtroopers (German: Sturmtruppen or Stoßtruppen) were specialist infantry soldiers of the German Army.In the last years of World War I, Stoßtruppen ("shock troopers" or "shove troopers") were trained to use infiltration tactics – part of the Germans' improved method of attack on enemy trenches. The German Empire entered the war certain that the conflict …, Another imperial banner of Charles V: A black double-headed eagle with an escutcheon of the coat of arms of Charles V on a yellow field. 1493–1556: Banner of Maximilian I. ... The flags of the German overseas colonies were first proposed in 1914, but were never implemented due to the breakout of World War I. Proposal for German Kamerun: …, Named Imperial German 4th Royal Bavarian Infantry Regiment “King William of Württemberg” Reservist Stein. $ 325.00. Item Number: 63824., The Schlieffen Plan was the strategy for the German invasion of France and Belgium in August 1914. Field Marshal Alfred von Schlieffen was the Chief of the Imperial Army German General Staff from 1891 to 1906 and in 1905-06 devised a deployment plan for a winning offensive in a one-front war against the French Third Republic., The German Gewehr-Prüfungskommission (G.P.K.) (rifle testing commission) adopted the Gewehr 98 on 5 April 1898. The action was derived from the experimental Gewehr 96 rifle. In 1901, the first troop issues of the Gewehr 98 rifles were made to the East Asian Expeditionary Force, the Imperial German Navy, and, Fürst Bismarck was the first armored cruiser constructed for the Imperial Navy. The ship was the only member of its class, and was designed primarily to serve in Germany's colonial fleet. The design for Fürst Bismarck was an improvement over the previous Victoria Louise-class protected cruiser— Fürst Bismarck was significantly larger and better armed than …, , Imperial German Baden Landgendarmerie / Landjäger Korps EM/NCO Cap $ 425.00. Item Number: 52155. Imperial Saxon EM/NCO Cap $ 400.00. Item Number: 52096. Imperial German Prussian 10th (Magdeburg) Hussar Regiment Cap $ 500.00. Item Number: 52099. Imperial German Saxon Medical Officer Visor Cap, This is a List of Imperial German cavalry regiments [1] before and during World War I. In peacetime, the Imperial German Army included 110 regiments of cavalry. Some of these regiments had a history stretching back to the 17th century [2] but others were only formed as late as October 1913. [3], In cryptography, the ADFGVX cipher was a manually applied field cipher used by the Imperial German Army during World War I. It was used to transmit messages secretly using wireless telegraphy. ADFGVX was in fact an extension of an earlier cipher called ADFGX which was first used on 1 March 1918 on the German Western Front., Background Unlike Britain, France and other European powers, the German Empire was a comparatively young national entity. It was formed in 1871 after the unification of more than two dozen German-speaking kingdoms and duchies. The men who instigated and led the unification of Germany were nationalist politicians and generals., SMS Niobe was the second member of the ten-ship Gazelle class of light cruisers that were built for the German Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial Navy) in the late 1890s and early 1900s. The Gazelle class was the culmination of earlier unprotected cruiser and aviso designs, combining the best aspects of both types in what became the progenitor of all future light …, Aug 20, 2017 ... The Imperial German Army (German: Deutsches Heer) was the name given to the combined land and air forces of the German Empire (excluding the ..., 1914–1915. 1916 – March 1918. March/April 1918 – 1919. The Deutsche Luftstreitkräfte ( German: [ˈdɔʏtʃə ˈlʊftˌʃtʁaɪtkʁɛftə], German Air Combat Forces)—known before October 1916 as Die Fliegertruppen des deutschen Kaiserreiches (The Imperial German Air Service)—was the air arm of the Imperial German Army. [1], The England Squadron ( German language: Englandgeschwader ), officially Kagohl 3 or later Bogohl 3, was a squadron of the Imperial German Army Air Service, formed in late 1916 during the First World War for the purpose of the strategic bombing of the United Kingdom and specifically London. The first air raid of the squadron on 25 May 1917 was ..., Margrave was originally the medieval title for the military commander assigned to maintain the defence of one of the border provinces of the Holy Roman Empire or a kingdom.That position became hereditary in certain feudal families in the Empire and the title came to be borne by rulers of some Imperial principalities until the abolition of the Empire in 1806 …