Plato's dialectic

Mathematics, she proposes, is Plato’s “pre-dialectical cure” for this vulnerability (41). Since the pre-philosophical education of Callipolis discourages engagement with the critical reasoning one exercises in dialectic, mathematics education is necessary to help the guardians develop “…an unshakeable trust in rationality and in their ...

Plato's dialectic. Plato’s depiction of dialectical argument (references will be given as we proceed). But the description of each element is primarily taken from Aristotle’s Topics and Sophistical Refutations. In these writings, Aristotle seems to describe and refine a method of argumentation which he found, at least partly, in Plato’s depiction of dialectic.

Platonism , Any philosophy that embodies some major idea of Plato’s, especially in taking abstract forms as metaphysically more basic than material things.Though there was in antiquity a tradition about Plato’s “unwritten doctrines,” Platonism then and later was based primarily on a reading of the dialogues.

Plato was the first philosopher in the western tradition to reflect systematically (and often critically) on rhetoric. In this book, Tushar Irani presents a comprehensive and innovative reading of the Gorgias and the Phaedrus, the only two Platonic dialogues to focus on what an 'art of argument' should look like, treating each of the texts individually, yet ultimately …Kasama ang kanyang guro, Sokrates, at ang kanyang bantog na mag-aaral, Aristoteless, itinatag ni Plato ang pundasyon ng Kanluraning Pilosopiya at ng agham. Maliban sa pagiging pundasyonal na pigura sa Kanluraning agham , pilosopiya , at matematika , si Platon ay malimit na binabanggit bilang isa sa tagapagtatag ng Kanluraning …Dialectic is the name Plato gives to his method, to the highest form of thought. In dialectic one examines one’s assumptions, one’s basic concepts, and one arrives at better assumptions and concepts. It is perfectly possible, for Plato, that one would not, for the moment, examine one’s concepts.For Plato and Aristotle, dialectic involves persuasion, so when Aristotle says that rhetoric is the antistrophe of dialectic, he means that rhetoric as he uses the term has a domain or scope of application that is parallel to, but different from, the domain or scope of application of dialectic. Claude Pavur explains that "[t]he Greek prefix ...Closing thoughts. Dialectical materialism is a philosophical method associated with Friedrich Hegel, which examines phenomena in their totality. It operates from the standpoint that nature, logic, or any particular object of inquiry is fundamentally shaped through their interrelatedness with other things.The Academy, the school he founded in 385 B.C.E., became the model for other schools of higher learning and later for European universities.The philosophy of Plato is marked by the usage of dialectic, a method of discussion involving ever more profound insights into the nature of reality, and by cognitive optimism, a belief in the capacity of ...Dialogue and Dialectics: Socratic. Socrates (c. 470 – 399 b.c.e.) developed a method of inquiry and instruction that involved question and answer, or the "Socratic method." Although Socrates professed to be ignorant of the answers to his questions, his questioning and testing of the answers given were designed to expose the weakness of the ...Aristotle's Platonic Response to the Problem of First Principles. Evan Rodriguez. Journal of the History of Philosophy 58 (3):449-469 (2020) 58 (3):449-469 (2020)

Dialectic as inter-personal activity: Self-refutation and dialectic in Plato and Aristotle / Luca Castagnoli ; The role of the respondent in Plato and Aristotle / Marja-Liisa Kakkuri-Knuuttila ; Division as a method in Plato. Hallvard Fossheim - 2012 - In Jakob Leth Fink (ed.), The Development of Dialectic From Plato to Aristotle. Cambridge ...Socrates is widely regarded as the founder of philosophy and rational inquiry. He was born around 470 B.C., and tried and executed in 399 B.C.. Socrates was the first of the three major Greek philosophers; the others being Socrates’ student Plato and Plato’s student Aristotle. Socrates did not write anything himself.Eric C.W. Krabbe, "Meeting in the House of Callas: Rhetoric and Dialectic" (Argumentation 14, number 3, 2000). In a dialogue , elenchus is the "Socratic method" of questioning someone to test the cogency, consistency, and credibility of what he or she has said. Plural: elenchi. Adjective: elentic. Also known as the Socratic elenchus, Socratic ...Feb 14, 2020 · This is realised in Plato’s Apology, where Socrates is sentenced to death for putting Athens to the question (Barr, S., 1968, p.3). Modern use of Socratic Dialectic paralleled by Plato's dialectical method and (ii) that Plato's formulation of the dialectical method was the outcome of his reflection on the role played by the Socratic eros in philosophic inquiry. Section i That Socrates employed a mode of argumentation, that of question and answer, and that this method is described frequently in terms of theIn summary, Plato had opposed rhetoric to dialectic; Aristotle compared the two: both have to do with things which are within the field of knowledge of all men and are not part of any specialized science. They do not differ in nature, but in subject and form: dialectic is primarily philosophical, rhetoric political; dialectic consists of ...

In Plato, dialectics is a type of knowledge, with an ontological and metaphysical role, which is reached by confronting several positions to overcome opinion (doxa), a shift from the world of appearances (or "sensible") to intellectual knowledge ( or "intelligible") to the first Principles.Overview of Plato. Considered by historians to be one of the most influential minds of Western thought, Plato described the Socratic method of instruction and further developed this dialectic method in his later years. (Smith, 1997). The Socratic method is basically a learning method using a question and answer dialogue between the teacher …In Plato, dialectics is a type of knowledge, with an ontological and metaphysical role, which is reached by confronting several positions to overcome opinion (doxa), a shift from the world of appearances (or "sensible") to intellectual knowledge ( or "intelligible") to the first Principles.We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us.

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The back-and-forth dialectic between Socrates and his interlocutors thus becomes Plato’s way of arguing against the earlier, less sophisticated views or positions …Socrates is widely regarded as the founder of philosophy and rational inquiry. He was born around 470 B.C., and tried and executed in 399 B.C.. Socrates was the first of the three major Greek philosophers; the others being Socrates’ student Plato and Plato’s student Aristotle. Socrates did not write anything himself. Jun 11, 2018 · DIALECTIC. The term dialectic originates in the Greek expression for the art of conversation (δ ι α λ ε κ τ ι κ ὴ τ έ χ ν η).So far as its great variety of meanings have anything in common, it is perhaps that dialectic is a method of seeking and sometimes arriving at the truth by reasoning, but even this general description, which to fit the variety of cases is so vague as to ... Both Socrates and Plato defended the view that there’s objective truth and morality. As the story goes, Socrates was Plato’s mentor in the sense that he learned what a philosophical life looked like. He goes on to open the first university in the west–The Academy. Aristotle, who would go on to tutor Alexander the Great, was a student and ...Dmitri Nikulin extends his earlier study of oral dialogue (On Dialogue [Lexington, 2006]) to an investigation of dialectic, moving from a narrative of its development in Plato and the history of philosophy (ch.s 1-3) through a renewed phenomenological account of oral dialogue (ch.s 4-5) to a critique, from the perspective of oral dialogue, of ...

The figure of Dionysus looms large in the Symposium and finally, in Alcibiades’ eulogy, comes to touch the equally mysterious face of Socrates. The Symposium, of course, honors Agathon’s prize for tragedy at the god’s festival. So it is natural for Agathon to claim Dionysus as judge in his wisdom contest with Socrates: “You’re ... Ancient dialectic started as an art of refutation and evolved into a science akin to our logic, grammar and linguistics. Scholars of ancient philosophy have traditionally focused on Plato's and Aristotle's dialectic without paying much attention to the diverse conceptions and uses of dialectic presented by philosophers after the classical period.May 9, 2005 · By adopting the dialectical method and giving his speech to Diotima, Socrates gives a new objectivity to his position" (114). As C&G-C state later, "the Socrates-Diotima dialectic is not a procrustean reduction of heterodoxy into monochromatic hierarchical Platonic orthodoxy, but the free play of the reflection of others' voices, of ideas, in ... Critical Estimate of the Doctrine of Plato’s Ideas: (1) Plato has made no attempt at explaining how actually all other Ideas are derived from one single Idea. There is one important drawback in the dialectic, which Plato should have remedied. Supreme idea, he says, is the Good. It is the ground of all other ideas.Plato's resolution of this issue includes demonstrating that one must first clear away misconceptions about the nature of "is" (4) by means of dialectic, which is "the project of breaking down basic assumptions in order to recapture the animating source that lives at their core" (8).May 3, 2010 · But though Gonzalez sees an affinity between Plato’s dialectic and Heidegger’s desire to think being as Ereignis, Gonzalez claims that Heidegger’s criticism of dialectic remains largely unchanged from the Sophist lectures of the 1920s to ‘Zeit und Sein ’ four decades later. In spite of some real shifts in Heidegger’s thought about ... Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) was designed to treat borderline personality disorder, but it can be used for much more. DBT was designed to treat borderline personality disorder, but it can be used for many other conditions. The world i...If you’re trying to learn an accent for an acting role, understand an ESL speaker, or just hear some funny British accents, the Internet has a vast wealth of recordings of English spoken in every dialect. You can google any accent and find ...Socrates himself believed in the universality of the inner rational being. He believed that: The unexamined life is not worth living! The best manner to examine that life is through reasoning which employs the dialectical method of inquiry. Plato inherits this belief, expands upon it and promulgates this belief.Plato's Academy mosaic – from the Villa of T. Siminius Stephanus in Pompeii.. The Academy (Ancient Greek: Ἀκαδημία, romanized: Akademía) was founded by Plato in c. 387 BC in Athens. Aristotle studied there for twenty years (367–347 BC) before founding his own school, the Lyceum.The Academy persisted throughout the Hellenistic period as a …

Socrates turned dialectic into a new kind of contest (8), and because his instincts had turned against each other and were in anarchy (9), he established the rule of reason as a counter-tyrant in order not to perish …

Refute uncritically held beliefs. As destructive activity, dialectic relates to elenchus. But dialectic is positive too: seek to establish propositions of high general-ity, i.e. not what this x is, but what x is as such, or in itself. Hence the ultimate goal of Plato’s dialectic is the discovery of Forms or Ideas (universals). The "dialectical method" (ἡ διαλεκτικὴ μέθοδος)was used by Plato in his dialogues as the central tool for philosophical inquiry; see Rep, 533c and see e.g. : Richard Robinson, Plato’s Earlier Dialectic, Clarendon Press (1941). For Aristotle, Dialectical arguments are different from demonstrations in :In Plato, dialectics is a type of knowledge, with an ontological and metaphysical role, which is reached by confronting several positions to overcome opinion …Plato was the innovator of the written dialogue and dialectic forms in philosophy. Plato appears to have been the founder of Western political philosophy, with his Republic, and Laws among other dialogues, providing some of the earliest extant treatments of political questions from a philosophical perspective. Plato's own most decisive ...What is the Hegelian Dialectic? The Hegelian Dialectic is the process by which one understands historical evolution and philosophical truth. Hegel introduces this with the organic development of a ...Plato sharply contrasts Socrates’ dialectical manner of argumentation to the rhetorical way of using arguments. The upshot of this contrast seems to be clear: the …Socrates himself believed in the universality of the inner rational being. He believed that: The unexamined life is not worth living! The best manner to examine that life is through reasoning which employs the dialectical method of inquiry. Plato inherits this belief, expands upon it and promulgates this belief.In this episode, I present what the "dialectic" is. I present its variations across the history of philosophy from Plato to Marx to supply you with the most ...2 In “A Dual Dialectic in Symposium,” Dorter argues that Symposium exhibits a complex double- dialectic structure: one dialectic on conceptions of the good, and one on conceptions of Eros. However, even he admits that this hypothesis “imputes to Plato a higher degree of structural planning and subtlety than most interpreters would ...Plato, (born 428/427 bce, Athens, Greece—died 348/347, Athens), ancient Greek philosopher, student of Socrates (c. 470–399 bce), teacher of Aristotle (384–322 bce), and founder of the Academy, best known as the author of philosophical works of unparalleled influence.

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Article. Plato of Athens (424 or 423 to 347 BCE) was an ancient Greek philosopher whose work is considered so important that he may be called the inventor of philosophy as we understand the term today. Some people would want to reserve that honor for his teacher, Socrates, but since Socrates wrote nothing himself for publication, we …Socratic method, also called dialectic, a form of logical argumentation originated by the ancient Greek philosopher Socrates (c. 470–399 bce).Although the term is now generally used as a name for any educational strategy that involves the cross-examination of students by their teacher, the method used by Socrates in the …So Plato clearly thinks that dialectic remains possible, and his Stranger seems actively engaged in helping his young interlocutors practice and learn the techniques. Many scholars think that the method of dichotomous division is the method of dialectic in Plato's late dialogues. Certainly this method serves a valuable heuristic purpose ...Dostal, “Gadamer's Continuous Challenge: Heidegger's Plato Interpretation,” in Lewis Edwin Hahn, ed., The Philosophy of Hans-Georg Gadamer. (Chicago: Open Court ...IN OUR philosophical tradition, the two greatest devotees of dialectic are un- doubtedly Plato and Hegel. It is impossible to understand the philosophy of.This book addresses one of the central problems of the Symposium or of any major Platonic dialogue: the character of the connection between what are apparently nonphilosophical …Plato’s Dialectics. Sfetcu Nicolae. Abstract ... Plato: Dialectic in Ancient Greek and Roman Philosophy. Keywords. Plato dialectic. Analytics. Added to PP 2022-12-13 Downloads 640 (#16,814) 6 months 530 (#959) Historical graph of …G. R. F. Ferrari has a good note on the issue: “The lie is grand or noble ( gennaios) by virtue of its civic purpose, but the Greek word can also be used colloquially, giving the meaning 'a true-blue lie,' i.e. a massive, no-doubt-about-it lie (compare the term 'grand larceny').”. This is not the only point on which there might be argument ...Socrates. (469—399 B.C.E.) Socrates is one of the few individuals whom one could say has so-shaped the cultural and intellectual development of the world that, without him, history would be profoundly different. He is best known for his association with the Socratic method of question and answer, his claim that he was ignorant (or aware of ...Zeno of Elea, 5th c. B.C.E. thinker, is known exclusively for propounding a number of ingenious paradoxes. The most famous of these purport to show that motion is impossible by bringing to light apparent or latent contradictions in ordinary assumptions regarding its occurrence. Zeno also argued against the commonsense assumption that …Socrates - Philosopher, Athens, Dialogues: Plato, unlike Xenophon, is generally regarded as a philosopher of the highest order of originality and depth. According to some scholars, his philosophical skills made him far better able than Xenophon was to understand Socrates and therefore more valuable a source of information about him. The contrary view is that … ….

Learning by doing has been a principle for thousands of years; it has had many proponents, including Plato, Thomas Hobbes English and Spanish epigrammatists, Karl Marx and Mao Zedong, cultural anthropologists, Montessori, John B. Watson, and B. F. Skinner; and it has had many forms, including learning by doing, discovery versus instruction, practical …Plato's Dialectic. Eugene T. Gendlin, Ph.D. Dialectic is the name Plato gives to his method, to the highest form of thought. In dialectic one examines one's assumptions, one's basic concepts, and one arrives at better assumptions and concepts. It is perfectly possible, for Plato, that one would not, for the moment, examine one's concepts.The back-and-forth dialectic between Socrates and his interlocutors thus becomes Plato’s way of arguing against the earlier, less sophisticated views or positions …logic," and "dialectic," and by trying to determine Plato's conception of and attitude toward the activities associated with them. His view has been at least partly accepted both by Gregory Vlastos and by Terence Irwin.14 To begin with, Kerferd writes, Plato considers dialectic to be, if not iden tical with philosophy, at least its proper method.Dialectic Definition. Dialectics is defined as a process that makes use of contradictory statements or ideas to reach an ultimate truth. In its most primitive stages, the philosopher, Plato, made use of the dialectical method, but was unable to perfect it. The problem he encountered was the problem of Reductio ad Absurdum or the problem of an ...Plato’s dialectic is both a virtue developer and a reliable method used by philosophers in order to reach the objects of their rational desires. I will argue that episteme is one of Plato’s primary intellectual virtues. Towards this end, I will invoke Pritchard’s recent argument according to which understanding, which is distinct from ...So he asks Euthyphro to explain to him what piety is. Euthyphro tries to do this five times, and each time Socrates argues that the definition is inadequate. 1st Definition: Piety is what Euthyphro is doing now, namely prosecuting wrongdoers. Impiety is failing to do this. Socrates' Objection : That's just an example of piety, not a general ...Plato sharply contrasts Socrates’ dialectical manner of argumentation to the rhetorical way of using arguments. The upshot of this contrast seems to be clear: the …“Plato's dialectic is a purposeful conversation, a dialogue that addresses ideas and arguments, encourages contradiction and counter-arguments, and stresses analysis and synthesis as the primary means for discovering knowledge. The capacity of the dialectic for self-examination and self-instruction sets it apart from other kinds of discourse ... Plato's dialectic, The figure of Dionysus looms large in the Symposium and finally, in Alcibiades' eulogy, comes to touch the equally mysterious face of Socrates. The Symposium, of course, honors Agathon's prize for tragedy at the god's festival. So it is natural for Agathon to claim Dionysus as judge in his wisdom contest with Socrates: "You're ..., Feb 25, 2022 · In Plato, dialectics is a type of knowledge, with an ontological and metaphysical role, which is reached by confronting several positions to overcome opinion (doxa), a shift from the world of ... , Socrates turned dialectic into a new kind of contest (8), and because his instincts had turned against each other and were in anarchy (9), he established the rule of reason as a counter-tyrant in order not to perish …, Dialectic, originally a form of logical argumentation but now a philosophical concept of evolution applied to diverse fields including thought, nature, and history. Among the classical Greek thinkers, the meanings of dialectic ranged from a technique of refutation in debate, through a method for., See also J. Murray, “Disputation, deception, and dialectic: Plato on the true rhetoric ( Phaedrus 261–266),” Philosophy and Rhetoric 21 (1988): 279–289. 4 All translations from Greek are my own., Plato's Republic, Book VII Dialectic, 354 cThis video answers the question as to what is the Dialectic?, The Sophist (Greek: Σοφιστής; Latin: Sophista) is a Platonic dialogue from the philosopher's late period, most likely written in 360 BC. In it the interlocutors, led by Eleatic Stranger employ the method of division in order to classify and define the sophist and describe his essential attributes and differentia vis a vis the philosopher and statesman., As a second step, I consider Plato’s account of dialectic in the middle books of the Republic (5-6-7), where dialectic is conceived as the supreme intellectual dunamis. I argue that dialectic contains Plato’s account of enquiry, and that only as a consequence does it contain an account of knowledge. , In Plato: Dialectic of Plato. In the later dialogue Parmenides, dialectic is introduced as an exercise that the young Socrates must undertake if he is to understand the forms properly. The exercise, which Parmenides demonstrates in the second part of the work, is extremely laborious: a single instance involves the construction of eight sections…., Öz. Platon'un düşüncesinde eros, erdemli bir yaşamın hedeflendiği felsefi bir etkinlik çerçevesinde merkezi bir rol oynamaktadır. Filozofun bilgeliğin peşinde olması,, 640 Likes, TikTok video from Julian de Medeiros (@julianphilosophy): "Hegel 101: #hegel #dialectic #hegelian #plato #philosophy". What does Hegel mean by ..., Feb 3, 2023 · In Plato, dialectics is a type of knowledge (Plato and Jowett 1991, bk. VI), with an ontological and metaphysical role, which is reached by confronting several positions to overcome opinion ( doxa ... , That Plato, appearances notwithstanding, is not indulging in a god-besotted rêverie in the Phaedrus is indicated by his interweaving of the mythical description in the dialogue’s first part, and his description and exploration of the dialectical method in the later part (259e-279c), where Socrates attempts to determine the requirements of ..., David Macintosh explains Plato’s Theory of Forms or Ideas. For the non-philosopher, Plato’s Theory of Forms can seem difficult to grasp. If we can place this theory into its historical and cultural context perhaps it will begin to make a little more sense. Plato was born somewhere in 428-427 B.C., possibly in Athens, at a time when Athenian ..., Plato called noesis "in one of its senses" (pp. 43, 48), the act which is the ulti- mate objective of dialectic. On the other hand, synthesis, the "downward" movement, was indeed a matter of logical deduction from principles arrived at by analysis, and as such was the basis for one of the senses of Plato's notion of dianoia., The meaning of DIALECTIC is logic. How to use dialectic in a sentence. Dialectic: Logic Through Conversation. logic… See the full definition. Games & Quizzes; Games & Quizzes ... Plato's famous dialogues frequently presented Socrates playing a leading role, and dialogue comes from the Greek roots dia- ..., 'Dominic Scott's new monograph on Plato's Meno is a tour de force. Readers of Plato in general, and this extensively-mined dialogue in particular, will be aware of how high the standards have now been set for …, Plato’s Practice of dialectic in the Meno, Phaedo, and Republic Let us begin with perhaps the easiest case. Immediately following Socrates’ introduction of the method at Meno 86e6-87b2, Socrates proposes to “investigate whether it is teachable or not by means of a hypothesis” (87b3-5). He immediately identifies a hypothesis such that ... , paralleled by Plato's dialectical method and (ii) that Plato's formulation of the dialectical method was the outcome of his reflection on the role played by the Socratic eros in philosophic inquiry. Section i That Socrates employed a mode of argumentation, that of question and answer, and that this method is described frequently in terms of the, Plato's theory of soul is also related to his theory of Forms, as the soul is the means for the acquisition and comprehension of the Idea or the Form of good. ... Plato was an innovator of the written dialogue …, Plato was the innovator of the written dialogue and dialectic forms in philosophy. Plato is also considered the founder of Western political philosophy. His most famous contribution is the theory of Forms known by pure reason, in which Plato presents a solution to the problem of universals known as Platonism (also ambiguously called either ..., It is Plato’s hope that dialectic will minimize the temptation and lure of dóxa over truth. Socrates explains: Dialectic, then, as you will agree, is the coping stone of the sciences, and is set over them; no other science can be placed higher—the nature of knowledge can no further go?, paralleled by Plato's dialectical method and (ii) that Plato's formulation of the dialectical method was the outcome of his reflection on the role played by the Socratic eros in philosophic inquiry. Section i That Socrates employed a mode of argumentation, that of question and answer, and that this method is described frequently in terms of the, Gadamer, “Plato’s Unwritten Dialectic,” 136. Defining the forces of nature in terms of principles, concepts or numbers is a constraint on how to think about ends (they cannot but construe ..., Plato’s works are delivered in the form of dialogues. The first time you read a Plato text, it can be a bit disorienting. Yet, once you realize the importance of tracking Socrates and the speakers, it is an interesting way to experience philosophical ideas. It is almost as if you are an observer of a conversation that is unfolding., Dialogue and Dialectics: Socratic. Socrates (c. 470 – 399 b.c.e.) developed a method of inquiry and instruction that involved question and answer, or the "Socratic method." Although Socrates professed to be ignorant of the answers to his questions, his questioning and testing of the answers given were designed to expose the weakness of the ..., IV. DIALECTIC AND QUESTIONING: SOCRATES AND PLATO MICHEL MEYER "It is useless to look for sufficient reasons for the Platonic doctrine that the supreme method entails question and answer, because there is none" (R. Robinson, Plato's Earlier Dialectic) WHEN we inquire into the relationship between science and dialectic in ancient philosophy,, Here are some of Plato’s most famous quotes: · “Love is a serious mental disease.”. · “When the mind is thinking it is talking to itself.”. · “Human behavior flows from three main ..., Never taking psychedelics is like "like living in the same country all one’s life and not going on holiday." In the 1960s, intellectuals such as Aldous Huxley were fascinated by the effects of LSD, but today most professors are far too worr..., This method is known as elenchus or the Socratic method. This study aims to generally explain what elenchus is and how it can be used. Plato and his dialogues are at the forefront of the sources to look at for understanding the Socratic method. In particular, understanding the Socratic method will be studied through Plato’s early dialogues., Hans-Georg Gadamer is the decisive figure in the development of twentieth century hermeneutics—almost certainly eclipsing, in terms of influence and reputation, the other leading figures, including Paul Ricoeur, and also Gianni Vattimo (Vattimo was himself one of Gadamer’s students). Profoundly affected by the philosophy of Martin Heidegger ..., By Pierre Grimes, Ph. D. Adapted and edited for the web by Sean P. Orfila. Philosophical Midwifery as a mode of psychotherapy is based, in part, upon Plato's rationalism and his dialectic, both of which are explored in depth in his Republic.In the Republic, he builds an imaginary city-state as a contemplative model for the philosopher's "ascension to reality" (521D), producing in him ..., May 9, 2005 · By adopting the dialectical method and giving his speech to Diotima, Socrates gives a new objectivity to his position" (114). As C&G-C state later, "the Socrates-Diotima dialectic is not a procrustean reduction of heterodoxy into monochromatic hierarchical Platonic orthodoxy, but the free play of the reflection of others' voices, of ideas, in ...