Basque haplogroup

May 23, 2006 · Furthermore, ancient DNA studies on Basque historic and prehistoric samples have detected important mtDNA haplogroup frequency fluctuations along different periods. Definitively, like other European populations, Basques have also suffered migration and genetic drift effects throughout its long history.

Basque haplogroup.

The Molecular Dissection of mtDNA Haplogroup H Confirms That the Franco-Cantabrian Glacial Refuge Was a Major Source for the European Gene Pool. Author links open overlay panel Alessandro Achilli 1, ... However, its highest frequencies are found among the Basques of Spain (13.9%), in Galicia (8.3%), and, again, in Sardinia (8.5%)—in other ...

Haplogroup and Y-STR haplotype diversity within six selected surname samples represented by median-joining networks presented in decreasing surname frequency. Each circle represents a haplotype ...Haplogroup VI-52 diversity indices were h=0.76 and k=3.15. The median-joining network (fig. 1C) contained inferred nodes, with many haplotypes differing from each other by multiple mutational steps. Haplogroup IX-104 was found in 8 of the 14 Romani populations, with 8 of 17 chromosomes coming from the Lithuanian and Spanish Roma (table 2).Aug 1, 2019 · Basques still speak an evolved version of a language brought by an early (4th millennium BC) group of Eastern people whose descendants have been less affected by admixture with later IE-speaking arrivals. Name of Basque is very similar to Bashkir (Baskara), R1b has a high frequency among Bashkirs too. A. 13 Nov 2022 ... This video introduces the spread of the Y-DNA haplogroup R1b, one of the main paternal lineages of the current European population.... haplogroup H.We identified six mtDNA haplogroups, H1j1, H1t1, H2a5a1, H1av1, H3c2a ... We thus characterize the maternal ancestry of 908 Basque and non-Basque ...origins (Richards et al. 1996). Haplogroup V has been proposed as a signal of population expansion after the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), but the absence of this haplogroup in an ancient sample from the Basque region called this hypothesis into question (Izágirre and de la Rua 1999; Torroni et al. 1998). InHaplogroup U8a: The Basques have the most ancestral phylogeny in Europe for the mitochondrial haplogroup U8a. This is a rare subgroup of U8, placing the Basque origin of this lineage in the Upper Palaeolithic.

The R1b Y-chromosome haplogroup in Iberia is mainly represented by the R-S116 haplogroup, which reaches 80% in the Basque Country (average of all Basque Provinces) 42. A derivative lineage of S116, DF27, which likely originated in Iberia reaches a maximum value of 63% in the Basque Country and minimum value of 40% in Galicia 12.I've found out I've inherited Haplogroup H, specifically H1, H1a, H1aV1, and H4. I've researched H1av1 and H4 apparently found in neothilic Spain specifically Basque region where my maternal lineage comes from (mum is o negative and irish ancestry, must have been from Basque movement into Ireland.)Haplogroup R-DF27. In human genetics, Haplogroup R-DF27 (R1b1a2a1a2a) is a Y-chromosome haplogroup which is a subdivision of haplogroup R-M269 (more specifically, its subclade R-) defined by the presence of the marker DF27 (also known as S250). Along with R-U152 and R-L21, the lineage is to a significant extent associated with Proto-Celtic ...Barscunes coin, Roman period. The English word Basque may be pronounced / bɑːsk / or / bæsk / and derives from the French Basque ( French: [bask] ), itself derived from Gascon Basco (pronounced [ˈbasku] ), cognate with Spanish Vasco (pronounced [ˈbasko] ). Those, in turn, come from Latin Vascō (pronounced [ˈwaskoː]; plural Vascōnēs ... Most haplogroups in Turkey are shared with its West Asian and Caucasian neighbors. The most common haplogroup in Turkey is J2 (24%), which is widespread among …

Introduction. Les cartes sur cette page représentent la distribution des haplogroupes de l'ADN Y-chromosomique humain (Y-ADN). Un haplogroupe Y-ADN est un groupe d'hommes partageant la même série de mutations sur leur chromosome Y, hérité d'une longue lignée d'ancêtres paternels communs.As further support, the Y haplogroup R1b-M269, the most frequent present-day western European haplogroup and associated with expansions that brought Steppe ancestry into Britain 13 and Iberia 14 ...When the Basque haplogroup diversity is placed in the framework of the surrounding populations, the PCA obtained (figs. 2a and 3a) together with previous …This study examines the genetic variation in Basque Y chromosome lineages using data on 12 Y-short tandem repeat (STR) loci in a sample of 158 males from four Basque provinces of Spain (Alava, Vizcaya, Guipuzcoa, and Navarre). As reported in previous studies, the Basques are characterized by high frequencies of haplogroup R1b (83%).

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Introduction. Les cartes sur cette page représentent la distribution des haplogroupes de l'ADN Y-chromosomique humain (Y-ADN). Un haplogroupe Y-ADN est un groupe d'hommes partageant la même série de mutations sur leur chromosome Y, hérité d'une longue lignée d'ancêtres paternels communs.Mitochondrial DNA phylogenetic and phylogeographic studies have been very useful in reconstructing the history of modern humans. In addition, recent advances in ancient DNA techniques have enabled …Haplogroup R1b-M269 comprises most Western European Y chromosomes; of its main branches, R1b-DF27 is by far the least known, and it appears to be highly prevalent only in Iberia. We have genotyped ...Haplogroup U is a human mitochondrial DNA haplogroup (mtDNA). ... Haplogroup U8a: The Basques have the most ancestral phylogeny in Europe for the mitochondrial haplogroup U8a. This is a rare subgroup of U8, placing the Basque origin of this lineage in the Upper Palaeolithic. The lack of U8a lineages in Africa suggests that their ancestors …Additionally, haplogroup V has been observed at higher than average levels among Cantabrian people (15%) of northern Iberia, and at a lower percentage among the adjacent Basque (10.4%). Haplogroup V is also found in parts of Northwest Africa.

Besides these two, the most common mtDNA lineages among Basques are H1, H3 and V. Among these, this paper finds that sublineages H1j1 and V10 are notably common in the country. Overall and based in an array of older papers, the authors feel that they must support the post-LGM recolonization theory, which would have originated from a Franco ...Mitochondrial DNA analysis tracing a rare subgroup of haplogroup U8 places the ancestry of the Basques in the Upper Palaeolithic, with their primitive founders originating from West Asia. Other theories. Basques as part of the migration into Western Europe, c.1300 BCE, of speakers of Indo-European languages.Haplogroup IJ is in turn derived from Haplogroup F. This Haplogroup is the key Haplogroup for all Semitic and Japethite people. The main current subgroups of J are J1 and J2, and between them account for almost all of the population of the Haplogroup. The Bible time-frame allows for an origin no earlier than 2200 BCE.Mar 12, 2012 · When the Basque haplogroup diversity is placed in the framework of the surrounding populations, the PCA obtained (figs. 2a and 3a) together with previous knowledge of the haplogroup distribution in Western Europe and North Africa and the detailed knowledge of the recent history in the Iberian Peninsula suggest that all populations share a ... Haplogroup VI-52 diversity indices were h=0.76 and k=3.15. The median-joining network (fig. 1C) contained inferred nodes, with many haplotypes differing from each other by multiple mutational steps. Haplogroup IX-104 was found in 8 of the 14 Romani populations, with 8 of 17 chromosomes coming from the Lithuanian and Spanish Roma …Distribution of haplogroup R1b in Europe. R1b is the most common haplogroup in Western Europe, reaching over 80% of the population in Ireland, the Scottish Highlands, western Wales, the Atlantic fringe of France, the Basque country and Catalonia. It is also common in Anatolia and around the Caucasus, in parts of Russia and in Central and South ...For example the haplogroup H4, that is found among present day Basque and Sardinian populations was found in Neolithic Spain. Moreover the Basque and Sardinian populations are also known for high percentage of mixed Mesolithic and Neolithic European ancestry. Haplogroup H is also distributed in North Africa and the Middle …May 19, 2017 · Background The structure of haplogroup H reveals significant differences between the western and eastern edges of the Mediterranean, as well as between the northern and southern regions. Human populations along the westernmost Mediterranean coasts, which were settled by individuals from two continents separated by a relatively narrow body of water, show the highest frequencies of mitochondrial ... The age of subclade which Basque carry, Haplogroup R1b-DF27, "is estimated at ~4,200 years ago, at the transition between the Neolithic and the Bronze Age, when the Y chromosome landscape of Western Europe was thoroughly remodeled. In spite of its high frequency in Basques, Y-STR internal diversity of R1b-DF27 is lower there, and results in ...Map of Romania showing the approximate migration routes and the mtDNA haplogroup distribution in the Romanian provinces. The map depicts the geographic distribution of mtDNA haplogroups in the Romanian provinces as reported in Additional file 2: Table S3: Wallachia (yellow), Dobrudja (blue), Moldavia (green) and Transylvania …

The majority (about 86%) of the Basque Y chromosomes belong to haplogroup R1 * (xR1a,R1b3f)-M173, of which R1b3 * -M269 accounts for 88% ( Figure 1 ). As this haplogroup is also the most...

Ethnic group. Italo-celto-germanic. Apr 21, 2018. #1. The distribution and origins of E-V13 are one of the most perplexing of any haplogroups. Over the years people have hypothesised that it originated with ancient Greeks, Neolithic farmers, Balkans people, Steppe people, Romans, Celts, Indo-Europeans in general or whatever imaginable scenario.Dec 14, 2015 · Actually, the genetic legacy of the Basque population still prevailed in their present-day maternal pools, by means of a haplogroup distribution similar to the source population characterized by the presence of autochthonous Basque lineages, such as U5b1f1a and J1c5c1. Haplogroup R1b (R-M343), previously known as Hg1 and Eu18, is a human Y-chromosome haplogroup.. It is the most frequently occurring paternal lineage in Western Europe, as well as some parts of Russia (e.g. the Bashkirs) and across the Sahel in Central Africa, namely: Cameroon, Chad, Guinea Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Nigeria and Senegal (concentrated in parts of Chad with concentration in the ... 7 Sep 2010 ... European mtDNA haplogroups, as opposed to those with fewer Basque ... haplogroup diversity in Basques: A reassessment based on HVI and HVII ...This study examines the genetic variation in Basque Y chromosome lineages using data on 12 Y-short tandem repeat (STR) loci in a sample of 158 males from four Basque provinces of Spain (Alava, Vizcaya, Guipuzcoa, and Navarre). As reported in previous studies, the Basques are characterized by high frequencies of haplogroup R1b (83%).The Bell Beaker period marks the transition from the Late Neolithic or Chalcolithic (depending on the region) to the Early Bronze Age. The Unetice culture replaced the Bell Beaker culture in Germany, Bohemia and western Poland from 2300 BCE. The Bell Beaker culture ended elsewhere by 2200 BCE, except in Great Britain where it lasted until 1800 …The RFLP anal- mtDNA data (e.g., Richards et al. 2000) and additional ysis described below was also performed on mtDNAs mtDNA coding-region information (Macaulay et al. that lacked 16298C but harbored 16256T, as suggested 1999) have become available, so that the variation of by the observation of this HVS-I motif in one Basque haplogroup V can ...The mtDNA haplogroup composition of the French does not differ significantly from the surrounding European genetic landscape. At a finer grain, microgeographical differentiation can be revealed, as shown for the French Basque country and for Brittany.

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First, the haplogroup H dissection indicates that populations from the Basque Country and adjacent regions, rather than the Basque population per se, are characterized by numerous low-frequency autochthonous haplogroups, each explaining ∼2%–6% of the region's contemporary maternal ancestry, along with other H haplogroups that present a pan ...Although an early study on the Basque population based on the phylogeny and phylogeography of haplogroup U8 has been published [13], no wide-scale studies for this haplogroup exist. Taking advantage of the impressive increase in mitochondrial sequences available today, here, I carried out a wide, spatiotemporal analysis of haplogroup U8 using past12 Mar 2012 ... The frequency of haplogroup U8a in French and Basques, although low, is noteworthy because it is not present in any of the Spanish samples. This ...So, for a thorough examination of the frequency distribution of this haplogroup within Franco-Cantabria, in addition to the eight V22 lineages presented in the phylogeny 12 further Basque and Pasiego individuals classified as HV0 were typed for np 7765, which is a coding-region diagnostic site for this haplogroup.The most notable findings emerging from the analysis of haplogroup composition are: (i) lack of U8a mitochondrial lineage, a rare subhaplogroup recently identified in Basques and proposed as a Paleolithic marker, (ii) low frequency of haplogroup V, which conflicts with results of earlier analyses describing high frequencies in southwestern Europ...The Basques are a unique population in Western Europe; their language is not related to any Indo-European language. Furthermore, genetically speaking, they …Haplogroup C reaches the highest frequency in northwestern Vietnam (Fig. 3c). Most (~84%) of the sequences belong to C7 and network analysis shows a star-like pattern, suggesting expansion (Fig. 3a,b). This haplogroup has a patchy distribution in AN groups from Taiwan and in Vietnamese individuals from all five language families.10 Mar 2021 ... Six major haplogroups (R, I, E, J, G, and DE) were detected, being R-S116 (P312) haplogroup the most abundant at 75.0% in Alava, 86.7% in ...15 Mei 2014 ... haplogroup diversity in Basques: a reassessment based on HVI and HVII polymorphisms. Am J Hum Biol 2008, 20:154–156. 28. Alvarez-Iglesias JC ...Since 2018, I have compiled data of Y-DNA and mtDNA for most reported ancient samples, including analyses of BAM files by hobbyists and online informal reports of research papers in preparation, including also automated haplogroup inferences performed with the software Yleaf v.2 used by professional geneticists. I referenced the first version … ….

Haplogroup H is the most frequent haplogroup in both Europe and the Near East but occurs at frequencies of only 25%30% in the Near East and the Caucasus, whereas the frequency is generally 50% in European populations and reaches a maximum of 60% in the Basque country.The U5b haplogroup is considered to be rare in modern populations - all of the reported carriers are of European ancestry and from Spain, Portugal, England, Ireland, Scotland, the US, and Germany. As professor Matisoo-Smith told Phys.org : “It is remarkably rare in modern populations today, found in Europe at levels of less than one per cent.Tweet. #5. 26 June 2012, 10:25 AM. Seeing as how the maternal haplogroup came from your most distant female direct ancestor it absolutely could have been Jewish. People convert all the time and many Jews converted out of pressure of banishment or death. Coming from a place like Galicia I would not doubt this is the case.Feb 18, 2010 · A new paper in Human Genetics supports the contention that the Basque are just like other Europeans, A genome-wide survey does not show the genetic distinctiveness of Basques: Basques are a cultural isolate, and, according to mainly allele frequencies of classical polymorphisms, also a genetic isolate. We investigated the differentiation of ... Dec 4, 2018 · Haplogroup U5b3 frequencies, ... Iberian Peninsula 38,59, there are few complete ancient mitogenome sequences publicly available particularly beyond the Basque region. Haplogroupe B. En génétique humaine, l’ haplogroupe B (M60) est un haplogroupe du chromosome Y. L’haplogroupe B dont l’origine et la plus grande diversité se trouvent en …Basques show specific cultural, demographic, and genetic characteristics that have placed them as an isolated and unique population within Europe, such as their non-Indo-European language, Euskara. ... An mtDNA analysis in ancient Basque populations: implications for haplogroup V as a marker for a major paleolithic expansion from …The PCA of haplogroup frequencies of Kow-OVIA-F/M and 73 extant worldwide populations again revealed high genetic differences between Kow-OVIA-F and Kow-OVIA-M (Supplementary Fig. S3b and Table ...This, and the survival of specific Y-DNA haplogroup C1 clades previously observed among early European hunter-gatherers, suggests relatively higher genetic continuity in southwest Europe during this period. ... Malta and among Ashkenazi Jews), and the largest contribution of WHG in Northern Europe and among Basque people.Summary. mtDNA sequence variation was studied in 121 dental samples from four Basque prehistoric sites, by high-resolution RFLP analysis. The results of this study are corroborated by (1) parallel analysis of 92 bone samples, (2) the use of controls during extraction and amplification, and (3) typing by both positive and negative restriction of the linked sites that characterize each haplogroup. Basque haplogroup, Host polymorphisms and COVID-19 infection. Joris R. Delanghe, Marijn M. Speeckaert, in Advances in Clinical Chemistry, 2022 4.3 Haplogroup R. Haplogroup R, or R-M207, is a Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup, which is numerous and widespread among modern populations. Some descendant subclades have been found since pre-history in Europe, …, Haplo provides the complete stack, from database to user interface. Without any code, you can build a powerful web-based information application with the most flexible database you've ever used. Then, extend your application using server-side JavaScript plugins, using the comprehensive API. Plugins scale from simple tweaks to the user interface ..., Basque and Celtic people belong to this Haplogroup and they were among the earliest settlers of the Iberian Peninsula. 65% of modern day Iberians share this origin. The following markers are common to the people bordering Europe's Atlantic within a couple of steps; DYS19 (DYS394)=14, DYS388=12, DYS390=24, DYS391=11, DYS392=13 and …, Map of Romania showing the approximate migration routes and the mtDNA haplogroup distribution in the Romanian provinces. The map depicts the geographic distribution of mtDNA haplogroups in the Romanian provinces as reported in Additional file 2: Table S3: Wallachia (yellow), Dobrudja (blue), Moldavia (green) and Transylvania …, Aug 1, 2019 · Basques still speak an evolved version of a language brought by an early (4th millennium BC) group of Eastern people whose descendants have been less affected by admixture with later IE-speaking arrivals. Name of Basque is very similar to Bashkir (Baskara), R1b has a high frequency among Bashkirs too. A. , The European paternal lineage R-DF27 has been proposed as a haplogroup of Iberian origin due to its maximum frequencies in the Iberian Peninsula. In this study, the distribution and structure of DF27 were characterized in 591 unrelated male individuals from four key populations of the north area of the Iberian Peninsula through the analysis of ..., Haplogroup R-DF27. In human genetics, Haplogroup R-DF27 (R1b1a2a1a2a) is a Y-chromosome haplogroup which is a subdivision of haplogroup R-M269 (more specifically, its subclade R-) defined by the presence of the marker DF27 (also known as S250). Along with R-U152 and R-L21, the lineage is to a significant extent associated with Proto-Celtic ..., Genetic studies on Y-DNA haplogroups have revealed that the dominant frequency for Bashkir males is the haplogroup R1b (R-M269 and R-M73) which is, on average, 47.6%. The second most dominant haplogroup is haplogroup R1a at an average frequency of 26,5%, and the third is haplogroup N1c at 17%., Each haplogroup corresponds to a distinct ancestral lineage. ... The autosomal data provided by Haak et al 2015 (extended data figure) shows that the Sardinians only differ from the Basques by the presence of Bedouin-like (purple) and Caucaso-Gedrosian (greyish green) admixture, and a slightly more elevated percentage of Neolithic farmer ..., Feb 6, 2018 · The PCA of haplogroup frequencies of Kow-OVIA-F/M and 73 extant worldwide populations again revealed high genetic differences between Kow-OVIA-F and Kow-OVIA-M (Supplementary Fig. S3b and Table ... , Haplogroup U is a human mitochondrial DNA haplogroup (mtDNA). The clade arose from haplogroup R, likely during the early Upper Paleolithic.Its various subclades (labelled U1–U9, diverging over the course of the Upper Paleolithic) are found widely distributed across Northern and Eastern Europe, Central, Western and South Asia, as well as North Africa, the Horn of Africa, and the Canary Islands., Y-DNA haplogroup R-M207 is believed to have arisen approximately 27,000 years ago in Asia. The two currently defined subclades are R1 and R2. ... R-M153 The Basque Marker. Y-Haplogroup R SRY2627/L176.2/Z198, Gareth Henson, Stephen Parrish et al. R-L165 (S68) Project, Lori McLeod-Wilke, Alasdair Macdonald, Conrad Terrill, Timothy McLeod., Etruscan origins. A map showing the extent of Etruria and the Etruscan civilization. The map includes the 12 cities of the Etruscan League and notable cities founded by the Etruscans. In classical antiquity, several theses were elaborated on the origin of the Etruscans from the 5th century BC, when the Etruscan civilization had been already ..., Haplogroup VI-52 diversity indices were h=0.76 and k=3.15. The median-joining network (fig. 1C) contained inferred nodes, with many haplotypes differing from each other by multiple mutational steps. Haplogroup IX-104 was found in 8 of the 14 Romani populations, with 8 of 17 chromosomes coming from the Lithuanian and Spanish Roma (table 2)., Haplogroup J is more frequent in the northwest corner of Spain and in the Basque country, while its sister haplogroup T is more frequent in the Mediterranean coast. Finally, the interpolated map of the sub-Saharan haplogroup L shows its highest frequency in the South, as it also occurs with the North African haplogroup U6., Six major haplogroups (R, I, E, J, G, and DE) were detected, being R-S116 (P312) haplogroup the most abundant at 75.0% in Alava, 86.7% in Guipuzcoa and 87.3% in Vizcaya. Age estimates for the..., Jun 20, 2011 · Besides these two, the most common mtDNA lineages among Basques are H1, H3 and V. Among these, this paper finds that sublineages H1j1 and V10 are notably common in the country. Overall and based in an array of older papers, the authors feel that they must support the post-LGM recolonization theory, which would have originated from a Franco ... , The structure of haplogroup H reveals significant differences between the western and eastern edges of the Mediterranean, as well as between the northern and southern regions. ... Basques and other neighboring populations from the northern Iberian Peninsula have been excellent candidates for studying Hg H composition in western Europe [12 ..., Haplogroup R1b1a-S116*, which has its greatest frequency in Iberia was, by far, the most frequent haplogroup observed in our sample, representing 32.5% of the Y chromosomes investigated [34,35]. Other R1b1a-M269 sub-lineages, more prevalent in other parts of Europe were also detected, including R1b1a-L23*, R1b1a-U106, R1b1a-U152 and …, 5 Des 2019 ... Haplogroups of the Y chromosome are sets of markers or genetic characteristics located within this chromosome. “We come across an extremely high ..., Haplogroup R1b is dominant throughout Western Europe. While it was once seen as a lineage connecting Britain and Ireland to Iberia, where it is also common, it is now believed that both R1b and R1a entered Europe with Indo-European migrants likely originating around the Black Sea ; [8] R1a and R1b are now the most common haplotypes in Europe., The Molecular Dissection of mtDNA Haplogroup H Confirms That the Franco-Cantabrian Glacial Refuge Was a Major Source for the European Gene Pool. Author links open overlay panel Alessandro Achilli 1, ... However, its highest frequencies are found among the Basques of Spain (13.9%), in Galicia (8.3%), and, again, in Sardinia (8.5%)—in other ..., The phylogenetic relationships of numerous branches within the core Y-chromosome haplogroup R-M207 support a West Asian origin of haplogroup R1b, its initial differentiation there followed by a ..., I have been reading that R1b haplogroup and proto-indoeuropean languages came at the same time to west-Europe. Today, one of the highest levels of R1b is found in Basque country, however Basque language is the unique non-indoeuropean language still living in west-europe. Does it means that R1b..., This event would explain the presence of both Northwest African and Red Sea DNA, such as Y-haplogroup E-M81, J1 and T, across most of southern and western Iberia. ... The Basques and the Catalans are the only Western European completely lacking genetic contribution from Southwest Asia. This is also translated in an extreme scarcity of Y ..., The age of subclade which Basque carry, Haplogroup R1b-DF27, "is estimated at ~4,200 years ago, at the transition between the Neolithic and the Bronze Age, when the Y chromosome landscape of Western Europe was thoroughly remodeled., Haplogroup VI-52 diversity indices were h=0.76 and k=3.15. The median-joining network (fig. 1C) contained inferred nodes, with many haplotypes differing from each other by multiple mutational steps. Haplogroup IX-104 was found in 8 of the 14 Romani populations, with 8 of 17 chromosomes coming from the Lithuanian and Spanish Roma …, The Basque population inhabits the Franco-Cantabrian region in southwest Europe where Palaeolithic human groups took refuge during the Last Glacial Maximum., R-M153 is called the “Basque Marker” and is virtually nonexistent outside of the Basque Country or with non-Basques. 23andMe does not test for R-M153. On July 30th, we updated the paternal haplogroup algorithm to consider an expanded set of variants on the Y chromosome. As a result, certain customers on the v5 chip will observe updated ..., The exception to this pattern in the North is Lao Cai, where there is a high frequency of haplogroup N (71%), with haplogroup B (41%) being its main sub-clade followed by R9'F (16%); moreover ..., If we extrapolated directly from haplogroup frequencies, then R1b-DF27 would have originated in the Basque Country; however, for R1b-DF27 and most of its subhaplogroups, internal diversity ..., Sep 13, 2017 · Additionally, haplogroup V has been observed at higher than average levels among Cantabrian people (15%) of northern Iberia, and at a lower percentage among the adjacent Basque (10.4%). Haplogroup V is also found in parts of Northwest Africa. , The structure of haplogroup H reveals significant differences between the western and eastern edges of the Mediterranean, as well as between the northern and southern regions. ... Basques and other neighboring populations from the northern Iberian Peninsula have been excellent candidates for studying Hg H composition in western Europe [12 ...